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As filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on December 21, 2020

Registration No. 333-_______

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

__________________________

FORM S-1

__________________________

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

__________________________

IFRESH, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

__________________________

Delaware

 

82-0664764

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

__________________________

2-39 54th Avenue
Long Island City, NY 11101
(718) 628
-6200
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

__________________________

Long Deng
Chief Executive Officer
2
-39 54th Avenue
Long Island City, NY 11101
(718) 628
-6200
(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

__________________________

Copies to:

Giovanni Caruso
Loeb & Loeb LLP
345 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10154
+1
-212-407-4866 — telephone

+1-212-937-3943 — facsimile

 

Barry I. Grossman, Esq.

Sarah E. Williams, Esq.

Ellenoff Grossman &Schole LLP

1345 Avenue of the Americas
New York, New York10105

(212) 370-1300

__________________________

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after the effective date of this registration statement.

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 of the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box. S

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and lit the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. £

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. £

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.£

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated Filer

 

£

 

Accelerated filer

 

£

Non-accelerated filer

 

£

 

Smaller reporting company

 

S

       

Emerging growth company

 

S

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. £

 

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CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

Title of Each Class of Securities to be Registered

 

Proposed
Maximum
Aggregate
Offering
Price
(1)(5)

 

Amount of
Registration
Fee

Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share(2)

 

$

5,500,000

 

$

600.05

Common Warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock(5)

 

 

   

 

 

Pre-funded Warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock(5)

 

 

   

 

 

Common Stock issuable upon exercise of Pre-funded Warrants(2)(3)

 

 

   

 

 

Common Stock issuable upon exercise of Common Warrants(2)(3)

 

$

   

 

 
   

$

   

 

Total

 

$

5,500,000

 

$

600.05

____________

(1)      Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the amount of the registration fee in accordance with Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

(2)      The proposed maximum aggregate offering price of the common stock proposed to be sold in the offering will be reduced on a dollar-for-dollar basis based on the aggregate offering price of the pre-funded warrants offered and sold in the offering (plus the aggregate exercise price of the common stock issuable upon exercise of the pre-funded warrants), and as such the proposed aggregate maximum offering price of the Common Stock and Pre-funded Warrants (including the common stock issuable upon exercise of the pre-funded warrants), if any, is $5,500,000.

(3)      Resales of the common warrants and the pre-funded warrants on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, are registered hereby. Resales of shares of the common stock issuable upon exercise of the common warrants and the pre-funded warrants are also being registered on a delayed or continuous basis hereby.

(4)      Pursuant to Rule 416(a), the securities being registered hereunder include such indeterminate number of additional securities as may be issuable to prevent dilution resulting from stock splits, stock dividends or similar transactions.

(5)      No fee pursuant to Rule 457(g) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

The Registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment that specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act or until this Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

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THE INFORMATION IN THIS PROSPECTUS IS NOT COMPLETE AND MAY BE CHANGED. WE MAY NOT SELL THESE SECURITIES UNTIL THE REGISTRATION STATEMENT FILED WITH THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION IS EFFECTIVE. THIS PROSPECTUS IS NOT AN OFFER TO SELL THESE SECURITIES AND IS NOT SOLICITING AN OFFER TO BUY THESE SECURITIES IN ANY JURISDICTION WHERE THE OFFER OR SALE IS NOT PERMITTED.

Prospectus

 

Subject to Completion,

 

Dated December 21, 2020

IFRESH, INC.

Up to _____________ Shares of Common Stock and
Common Warrants to Purchase Up to ____________ Shares of Common Stock
or
Pre
-Funded Warrants to Purchase Up to ______________ Shares of Common Stock and
Common Warrants to Purchase Up to _______________ Shares of Common Stock
(and Shares of Common Stock Issuable Upon Exercise of the Common Warrants and Pre
-Funded Warrants)

We are offering in a best-efforts offering up to (i) ______________ shares of our common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and (ii) common warrants to purchase up to ______________ shares of common stock and the shares of common stock that are issuable from time to time upon exercise of the common warrants, at an assumed purchase price of $0.90 per share and common warrant, which was the closing price of our common stock on the NASDAQ Capital Market on December 18, 2020. We are also offering to certain purchasers whose purchase of shares of common stock in this offering would otherwise result in the purchaser, together with its affiliates and certain related parties, beneficially owning more than 4.99% (or, at the election of the purchaser, 9.99%) of our outstanding common stock immediately following the consummation of this offering, the opportunity to purchase, if any such purchaser so chooses, pre-funded warrants, in lieu of shares of common stock that would otherwise result in such purchaser’s beneficial ownership exceeding 4.99% (or, at the election of the purchaser, 9.99%) of our outstanding common stock. The purchase price of each pre-funded warrant will be equal to the price at which a share of common stock is sold to the public in this offering, minus $0.0001, and the exercise price of each pre-funded warrant will be $0.0001 per share. The pre-funded warrants will be immediately exercisable and may be exercised at any time until all of the pre-funded warrants are exercised in full. For each pre-funded warrant we sell, the number of shares of common stock we are offering will be decreased on a one-for-one basis. Therefore the number of common warrants sold in this offering will not change as a result of a change in the mix of the shares of our common stock and pre-funded warrants sold. The shares of common stock and pre-funded warrants, and the accompanying common warrants, can only be purchased together in this offering but will be issued separately and will be immediately separable upon issuance. Each common warrant will have an exercise price of $_________ per share of common stock, will be exercisable upon issuance, and will expire five years from the date of issuance.

There is no minimum number of securities or minimum aggregate amount of proceeds for this offering to close. The offering of the securities will terminate on the first date that we enter into securities purchase agreements to sell the securities offered hereby.

Our common stock is traded on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “IFMK.” On December 18, 2020, the closing price for our common stock, as reported on The Nasdaq Capital Market, was $0.90 per share.

Investing in our securities involves various risks. See “Risk Factors” on page 6 for more information on these risks. Additional risks, if any, will be described in the prospectus supplement related to a potential offering under the heading “Risk Factors”. You should review that section of the related prospectus supplement for a discussion of matters that investors in such securities should consider.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities, or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus or any accompanying prospectus supplement. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

Per Share
and
Common Warrant

 

Per Pre-Funded
Warrant and
Common
Warrant

 

Total

Public offering price

 

$

   

$

   

$

 

Placement Agent’s fees(1)

 

$

   

$

   

$

 

Proceeds, before expenses, to us(2)

 

$

   

$

   

$

____________

(1)     We have agreed to reimburse Maxim Group LLC (the “Placement Agent”) for certain of its offering-related expenses, including a corporate finance fee of 1.0% of the gross proceeds raised in this offering. See “Plan of Distribution” for additional information and a description of the compensation payable to the Placement Agent.

(2)      We estimate the total expenses of this offering payable by us, excluding the Placement Agent’s fees, will be approximately $_____.

We engaged Maxim Group LLC as our exclusive placement agent to use its reasonable best efforts to solicit offers to purchase the shares of common stock, common warrants, and pre-funded warrants in this offering. The Placement Agent has no obligation to buy any of the securities from us or to arrange for the purchase or sale of any specific number or dollar amount of the securities.

We anticipate that delivery of the shares against payment will be made on or about ___________, 2020.

MAXIM GROUP LLC

The date of this Prospectus is _____________, 2020

 

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Page No.

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

   

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

ii

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

 

1

THE OFFERING

 

4

RISK FACTORS

 

6

USE OF PROCEEDS

 

24

DIVIDEND POLICY

 

25

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

26

BUSINESS

 

51

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNER AND MANAGEMENT

 

76

MANAGEMENT

 

79

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

84

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

86

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

 

89

LEGAL MATTERS

 

91

EXPERTS

 

91

WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT US

 

91

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

F-1

We and the Placement Agent have not authorized anyone to provide any information or to make any representations other than those contained in or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or in any free writing prospectuses prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. We take no responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you. This prospectus is an offer to sell only the shares offered hereby, but only under circumstances and in jurisdictions where it is lawful to do so. The information contained in or incorporated by reference in this prospectus is accurate only as of its date regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or of any sale of common stock.

To the extent there is a conflict between the information contained in this prospectus, on the one hand, and the information contained in any document incorporated by reference filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) before the date of this prospectus, on the other hand, you should rely on the information in this prospectus. If any statement in a document incorporated by reference is inconsistent with a statement in another document incorporated by reference having a later date, the statement in the document having the later date modifies or supersedes the earlier statement.

Neither we nor the Placement Agent have done anything that would permit this offering or possession or distribution of this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required, other than in the United States. Persons who come into possession of this prospectus and any free writing prospectus in jurisdictions outside the United States are required to inform themselves about and to observe any restrictions as to this offering and the distribution of this prospectus and any free writing prospectus applicable to that jurisdiction.

This prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus contain market data and industry statistics and forecasts that are based on independent industry publications and other publicly available information. Although we believe that these sources are reliable, we do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of this information and we have not independently verified this information. Although we are not aware of any misstatements regarding the market and industry data presented or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, these estimates involve risks and uncertainties and are subject to change based on various factors, including those discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” and any related free writing prospectus. Accordingly, investors should not place undue reliance on this information.

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Table of Contents

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus contains “forward-looking statements”. Forward-looking statements reflect our current view about future events. When used in this prospectus, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “future,” “intend,” “plan,” or the negative of these terms and similar expressions, as they relate to us or our management, identify forward-looking statements. Such statements, include, but are not limited to, statements contained in this prospectus relating to our business strategy, our future operating results and liquidity and capital resources outlook. Forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and assumptions regarding our business, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward–looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. Our actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements. They are neither statements of historical fact nor guarantees of assurance of future performance. We caution you therefore against relying on any of these forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, without limitation, our ability to raise capital to fund continuing operations; our ability to protect our intellectual property rights; the impact of any infringement actions or other litigation brought against us; competition from other providers and products; our ability to develop and commercialize products and services; changes in government regulation; our ability to complete capital raising transactions; and other factors (including the risks contained in the section of this prospectus entitled “Risk Factors”) relating to our industry, our operations and results of operations. Actual results may differ significantly from those anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended or planned.

Factors or events that could cause our actual results to differ may emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all of them. We cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, we do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results.

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Table of Contents

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

This summary highlights certain information about us, this offering and selected information contained elsewhere in this prospectus and in the documents incorporated by reference. This summary is not complete and does not contain all of the information that you should consider before deciding whether to invest in our securities. For a more complete understanding of our company and this offering, we encourage you to read and consider carefully the more detailed information contained in or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, including the information contained under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page 6 of this prospectus, and the information included in any free writing prospectus that we have authorized for use in connection with this offering.

Throughout this prospectus, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” and “our company” refer to iFresh Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries unless the context requires otherwise.

Overview

iFresh Inc. (“we,” “us,” “our,” or “iFresh” or the “Company”) is a Delaware company incorporated in July 2016 in order to reincorporate E-Compass Acquisition Corp. (“E-Compass”) to Delaware. Immediately following the reincorporation, we acquired NYM Holding, Inc. (“NYM”). E-Compass was a blank check company formed for the purpose of entering into a share exchange, asset acquisition, share purchase, recapitalization, reorganization or other similar business combination with one or more businesses or entities. NYM is a an Asian/Chinese grocery supermarket chain in the north-eastern U.S. providing food and other merchandise hard to find in mainstream grocery stores. Since NYM was formed in 1995, NYM has been targeting the Chinese and other Asian population in the U.S. with its in-depth cultural understanding of its target customer’s unique consumption habits. iFresh currently has ten retail supermarkets across New York, Massachusetts and Florida, with in excess of approximately 4,938,600 and 1.3M sales transactions in its stores in the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020 and the six months ended September 30, 2020. It currently has one in-house wholesale businesses, Strong America Limited (“Strong America”) covering more than 6,000 wholesale products and servicing both NYM retail supermarkets and over 1,000 external clients that range from wholesalers to retailing groceries and restaurants. NYM has a stable supply of food from farms in New Jersey and Florida, ensuring reliable supplies of the most popular vegetables, fruits and seafood. Its wholesale business and long term relationships with farms insulate NYM from supply interruptions and sales declines, allowing it to remain competitive even during difficult markets.

iFresh, through Xiamen DL Medical Technology Co, Ltd. (acquired by iFresh in April 2020), produces self-branded disposable masks, N95 masks and KN95 masks. Through Hubei Rongentang Wine Co., Ltd. and Hubei Rongentang Herbal Wine Co., Ltd., both of which were acquired by iFresh in April 2020, iFresh is engaged in the business of manufacturing and selling rice liquor and herbal rice liquor products in China. In August 2020, iFresh acquired Jiuxiang Blue Sky Technology (Beijing) Co., Ltd., a technology company that engages in supply chain financial services, integrated payment systems, and prepaid card marketing systems.

Our principal executive offices are located at 2-39 54th Avenue, Long Island City, NY 11101. Our telephone number is (718) 628-6200. Our website is at http://www.ifreshmarket.com.

We qualify as an “emerging growth company” under the JOBS Act. As an emerging growth company, we may take advantage of specified reduced disclosure and other requirements that are otherwise applicable generally to public companies. These provisions include:

•        only two years of audited financial statements in addition to any required unaudited interim financial statements with correspondingly reduced “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” disclosure;

•        reduced disclosure about our executive compensation arrangements;

•        no non-binding advisory votes on executive compensation or golden parachute arrangements;

•        exemption from the auditor attestation requirement in the assessment of our internal control over financial reporting; and

•        delaying the adoption of new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies.

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We have elected to take advantage of the above-referenced exemptions and we may take advantage of these exemptions for up to five years or such earlier time that we are no longer an emerging growth company. We would cease to be an emerging growth company if we have more than $1 billion in annual revenues, we have more than $700 million in market value of our stock held by non-affiliates, or we issue more than $1 billion of non-convertible debt over a three-year period. We may choose to take advantage of some but not all of these reduced burdens.

We are also a “smaller reporting company,” as defined under SEC Regulation S-K. As such, we also are exempt from the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and also are subject to less extensive disclosure requirements regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements. We will continue to be deemed a smaller reporting company until our public float exceeds $75 million on the last day of our second fiscal quarter in the preceding fiscal year.

On May 20, 2019, iFresh, NYM (or the “Borrower”), certain subsidiaries of NYM, Mr. Long Deng and KeyBank National Association (“Keybank” or the “Lender”) entered into the first forbearance agreement (the “First Forbearance Agreement”) with respect to that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of December 23, 2016, as amended, pursuant to which KeyBank made available to NYM a revolving credit facility, a term loan facility, and other credit accommodations (the “Loan Agreements”). The Lender has agreed to delay the exercise of its rights and remedies under the Loan Agreements based on the existence of certain events of default until the earlier to occur of: (a) 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on the 90th day from the date of the First Forbearance Agreement (the “First Forbearance Period”); and (b) a Forbearance Event of Default. Reference is made to the current report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on May 21, 2019.

The Borrower did not meet its obligations under the Loan Agreements by the end of the First Forbearance Period. On October 17, 2019 (the “Effective Date”), the Company, NYM, certain subsidiaries of NYM, Go Fresh 365, Inc. (“Go Fresh”), Mr. Long Deng and Keybank entered into the second forbearance agreement (the “Second Forbearance Agreement”). Pursuant to certain Guaranty Agreement dated as of December 26, 2016, as amended by several joinder agreements and the Second Forbearance Agreement, the Company, certain subsidiaries of NYM, Go Fresh and Mr. Long Deng (collectively, the “Guarantors”, and together with the Borrower, the “Loan Parties”) have agreed to guarantee the payment and performance of the obligations of the Borrower under the Credit Agreement (“Obligations”). Terms used but not otherwise defined herein have the meanings ascribed to them in the Second Forbearance Agreement.

The Lender agreed to delay the exercise of its rights and remedies under the Loan Agreement based on the existence of certain events of default (the “Specified Events of Default”) until the earlier to occur of: (a) 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on the November 29, 2019; and (b) a Forbearance Event of Default. No subsequent agreements or amendments have been entered into and as such, we are currently in default under the Credit Facility.

The Borrower is not current in its payments to Keybank. As of September 30, 2020 we owe $21,266,149 to Keybank. On August 6, 2020 the Company received the 3rd forbearance agreement from Key Bank, which includes the following terms:

•        All delinquent regular interest paid at or before settlement. 

•        July and August required payments will be regular interest amounts. 

•        Default interest will be deferred until 9/25/2020 

•        Store valuations will be ordered immediately. 

•        Continue to provide weekly cash flow reports. 

•        Provide quarterly financial statements of NYM, iFresh and newly acquired businesses. 

•        Monthly financial projections. 

•        Cost/work detail on the completion of the CT store. 

•        Pledge of the equity and guarantee of newly acquired businesses. 

•        File a UCC-1 financing statement for iFresh Inc.

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If the 3rd forbearance agreement cannot be reached, KeyBank is fully prepared to pursue legal remedies. As of the date of this prospectus, the 3rd forbearance agreement is still under negotiation.

Our principal liquidity needs are to meet our working capital requirements, operating expenses and capital expenditure obligations. Our ability to fund these needs will depend on iFresh’s future performance and the refinancing of the Keybank obligations, which will be subject in part to general economic, competitive and other factors beyond our control. In addition, if Keybank accelerates the loan, we may be forced to declare bankruptcy. These conditions raise substantial doubt as to our ability to remain a going concern.

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THE OFFERING

Common stock outstanding prior to this offering

 

30,230,383 shares.

Common stock offered

 

Up to 6,666,667 shares.

Common stock to be outstanding after this offering

 


Up to 36,897,050 shares, assuming no sales of pre-funded warrants, which, if sold, would reduce the number of shares of common stock that we are offering on a one-for-one basis and assuming no exercise of any common warrants issued in this offering.

Description of common warrants

 

The common warrants will be exercisable beginning on the date of issuance and expire on the five-year anniversary of the date of issuance at an initial exercise price per share equal to $________, subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of recapitalization events, stock dividends, stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications, reorganizations or similar events affecting our common stock. Notwithstanding the foregoing, we shall not effect any exercise of common warrants to the extent that, after giving effect to an exercise, the holder of common warrants (together with such holder’s affiliates, and any persons acting as a group together with such holder or any of such holder’s affiliates) would beneficially own a number of shares of our common stock in excess of 4.99% (or, at the election of the purchaser prior to the date of issuance, 9.99%) of the shares of our common stock then outstanding after giving effect to such exercise.

Pre-funded warrants offered

 

We are also offering to certain purchasers whose purchase of shares of common stock in this offering would otherwise result in the purchaser, together with its affiliates and certain related parties, beneficially owning more than 4.99% (or, at the election of the purchaser, 9.99%) of our outstanding common stock immediately following the closing of this offering, the opportunity to purchase, if such purchasers so choose, pre-funded warrants to purchase shares of common stock, in lieu of shares of common stock that would otherwise result in any such purchaser’s beneficial ownership exceeding 4.99% (or, at the election of the purchaser, 9.99%) of our outstanding common stock. Each pre-funded warrant will be exercisable for one share of our common stock. The purchase price of each pre-funded warrant and accompanying common warrant (as described below) will be equal to the price at which a share of common stock and accompanying common warrant is being sold to the public in this offering, minus $0.0001, and the exercise price of each pre-funded warrant will be $0.0001 per share. The pre-funded warrants will be exercisable immediately and may be exercised at any time until all of the pre-funded warrants are exercised in full. This offering also relates to the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of any pre-funded warrants sold in this offering. For each pre-funded warrant we sell, the number of shares of common stock we are offering will be decreased on a one-for-one basis. Because we will issue a common warrant for each share of our common stock and for each pre-funded warrant to purchase one share of our common stock sold in this offering, the number of common warrants sold in this offering will not change as a result of a change in the mix of the shares of our common stock and pre-funded warrants sold.

Use of proceeds

 

Assuming all of the shares and/or pre-funded warrants we are offering in this offering are sold, we estimate that our net proceeds from this offering will be approximately $5.5 million.

   

We intend to use the net proceeds of this offering for working capital and general corporate purposes. See “Use of Proceeds.”

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Risk factors

 

See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 6 of this prospectus, as well as other information included in this prospectus, for a discussion of factors you should read and consider carefully before investing in our securities.

NASDAQ Capital Markets symbol

 

Our common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Capital Markets under the symbol “IFMK”.

The number of shares of our common stock to be outstanding after this offering as shown above is based on 30,230,383 shares outstanding as of September 30, 2020 and 14,962,103 shares of common stock issuable upon the conversion of our Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Preferred Stock”).

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RISK FACTORS

An investment in our common stock is speculative and involves a high degree of risk and uncertainty. You should carefully consider the risks described below, together with the other information contained in this prospectus, including the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto, before deciding to invest in our common stock. Any of the risk factors described below could significantly and adversely affect iFresh’s business, prospects, sales, revenues, gross profit, cash flows, financial condition, and results of operations.

Risks Related to the Company

We are currently in default under our Credit Facility with Key Bank, which limits our liquidity and could result in Key Bank accelerating amounts we owe to it under the facility, causing us to file for bankruptcy protection.

On December 23, 2016, NYM, as borrower, entered into a $25 million senior secured Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with Key Bank National Association (“Key Bank” or “Lender”). The Credit Agreement provides for (1) a revolving credit of $5,000,000 for making advance and issuance of letter of credit, (2) $15,000,000 of effective date term loan and (3) $5,000,000 of delayed draw term loan. The interest rate is equal to (1) the Lender’s “prime rate” plus 0.95%, or (b) the Adjusted LIBOR rate plus 1.95%. As reflected in the Company’s consolidated financial statements, the Company had operating losses in fiscal year 2019 and had negative working capital of $28.6 million and $21.7 million as of March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company had negative equity of $2.6 million as of March 31, 2021. The Company did not meet the financial covenant required in the credit agreement with Keybank. As of March 31, 2020, the Company has outstanding loan facilities of approximately $20.1 million due to Keybank. Failure to maintain these loan facilities will have a significant impact on the Company’s operations.

On May 20, 2019, iFresh, NYM (or the “Borrower”), certain subsidiaries of NYM, Mr. Long Deng and KeyBank National Association (“Keybank” or the “Lender”) entered into the first forbearance agreement (the “First Forbearance Agreement”) with respect to that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of December 23, 2016, as amended, pursuant to which KeyBank made available to NYM a revolving credit facility, a term loan facility, and other credit accommodations (the “Loan Agreements”). The Lender has agreed to delay the exercise of its rights and remedies under the Loan Agreements based on the existence of certain events of default until the earlier to occur of: (a) 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on the 90th day from the date of the First Forbearance Agreement (the “First Forbearance Period”); and (b) a Forbearance Event of Default. Reference is made to the current report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on May 21, 2019.

The Borrower did not meet its obligations under the Loan Agreements by the end of the First Forbearance Period. On October 17, 2019 (the “Effective Date”), the Company, NYM, certain subsidiaries of NYM, Go Fresh 365, Inc. (“Go Fresh”), Mr. Long Deng and Keybank entered into the second forbearance agreement (the “Second Forbearance Agreement”). Pursuant to certain Guaranty Agreement dated as of December 26, 2016, as amended by several joinder agreements and the Second Forbearance Agreement, the Company, certain subsidiaries of NYM, Go Fresh and Mr. Long Deng (collectively, the “Guarantors”, and together with the Borrower, the “Loan Parties”) have agreed to guarantee the payment and performance of the obligations of the Borrower under the Credit Agreement (“Obligations”). Terms used but not otherwise defined herein have the meanings ascribed to them in the Second Forbearance Agreement.

The Lender agreed to delay the exercise of its rights and remedies under the Loan Agreement based on the existence of certain events of default (the “Specified Events of Default”) until the earlier to occur of: (a) 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on the November 29, 2019; and (b) a Forbearance Event of Default. No subsequent agreements or amendments have been entered into and as such, we are currently in default under the Credit Facility .

The Borrower is not current in its payments to Keybank. As of September 30, 2020 we owe $21,266,149 to Keybank. On August 6, 2020 the Company received the 3rd forbearance agreement from Key Bank, which includes the following terms:

•        All delinquent regular interest paid at or before settlement.

•        July and August required payments will be regular interest amounts.

•        Default interest will be deferred until 9/25/2020

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•        Store valuations will be ordered immediately.

•        Continue to provide weekly cash flow reports.

•        Provide quarterly financial statements of NYM, iFresh and newly acquired businesses.

•        Monthly financial projections.

•        Cost/work detail on the completion of the CT store.

•        Pledge of the equity and guarantee of newly acquired businesses.

•        File a UCC-1 financing statement for iFresh Inc.

If the 3rd forbearance agreement cannot be reached, KeyBank is fully prepared to pursue legal remedies. As of the date of this prospectus, the 3rd forbearance agreement is still under negotiation.

iFresh acquired 70% equity interests of Xiamen DL Medical Technology Co, Ltd. in April 2020, 100% equity interests of Hubei Rongentang Wine Co., Ltd. and Hubei Rongentang Herbal Wine Co., Ltd. in April 2020 and 100% equity interests of Jiuxiang Blue Sky Technology (Beijing) Co., Ltd. in August 2020. Although iFresh provided KeyBank with notifications of the acquisitions, iFresh has not yet obtained consent, waiver or objection from KeyBank for the completion of those acquisitions. The Company did not notify or seek prior consent from KeyBank with respect to the PPP Loans (as defined hereinafter) for the eight subsidiaries. The PPP Loans refer to the loans that eight subsidiaries of the Company received in the aggregate principal amount of $1,768,212 pursuant to Paycheck Protection Program provided by the U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”) in April and May 2020. There can be no assurance that those acquisitions and PPP Loans are permitted by KeyBank under the Credit Agreement and will be deemed to be compliant with the Credit Agreement. If those acquisitions and PPP Loans are not permitted by KeyBank, each of the acquisitions could constitute a violation under the Credit Agreement.

Our principal liquidity needs are to meet its working capital requirements, operating expenses and capital expenditure obligations. Our ability to fund these needs will depend on its future performance, which will be subject in part to general economic, competitive and other factors beyond its control. In addition, if Keybank accelerates the loan, we may be forced to declare bankruptcy. These conditions raise substantial doubt as to our ability to remain a going concern.

We received a subpoena from the SEC, and if the SEC discovers that we have not complied with applicable securities laws, we could be subject to significant monetary penalties and other relief imposed on us by the SEC

On March 6, 2020, the Company announced that it had received a subpoena from the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) requesting certain information. The subpoena sought various documents and information regarding, among other things, the Company’s financial institution accounts, accounting practices, auditing practices, internal controls, payroll, and auditors. Although the Company is not currently the subject of any enforcement proceedings, the investigation could lead to enforcement proceedings if the SEC contends that the Company has not complied with securities laws. Friedman LLP, the Company’s former auditor, has also received a subpoena from the SEC relating to the Company.

If the SEC determines that we have not complied with applicable securities laws, the SEC could initiate a proceeding against us, which may ultimately lead to significant penalties and other relief assessed against us, including significant monetary fines.

There is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

As discussed in this prospectus, we incurred operating losses, did not meet the financial covenant required in the Credit Agreement and are currently in default of the Credit Agreement due to our failure to pay certain tax obligations. These conditions raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

The COVID-19 pandemic may adversely impact our sales and financial results.

The COVID-19 pandemic may pose significant risks to our business. For example, during the six months ended September 30, 2020, sales were down 4.2% compared to the six months ended September 30, 2019, partly due to

 

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COVID, other cause of the decrease is the to closure of two low performing stores in New York City. Restocking certain items, such as paper towels and toilet paper has been difficult. Accordingly, management is evaluating our liquidity position, communicating with and monitoring customers and suppliers, and reviewing our analysis of our financial performance as we seek to position ourselves to withstand the uncertainty related to the coronavirus.

The occurrence of a wartime activities, threats or acts of terror or a widespread regional, national or global health epidemic, may materially adversely affect iFresh’s financial condition and results of operations.

iFresh’s business may be severely impacted by wartime activities, threats or acts of terror or a widespread regional, national or global health epidemic, such as pandemic flu (such as COVID-19). Such activities, threats or epidemics may materially adversely impact iFresh’s business by disrupting production and delivery of products to iFresh’s stores, by affecting iFresh’s ability to appropriately staff its stores or by causing customers to avoid public gathering places or otherwise change their shopping behaviors.

iFresh’s continued growth depends on new store acquisitions and openings and on increasing same store sales, and iFresh’s failure to achieve these goals could negatively impact its results of operations and financial condition.

Our growth strategy depends, in large part, on acquiring and opening new stores in existing and new areas and operating those stores successfully. Successful implementation of this strategy is dependent on sufficient capital support from financing, finding suitable stores to acquire, identifying suitable locations and negotiating acceptable lease terms for store sites, as it faces competition from other retailers for such sites. There can be no assurance that we will continue to grow through new store acquisitions and openings. We may not be able to obtain sufficient capital support for the expansion plan, or successfully implement the plan to acquire or open new stores timely or within budget or operate them successfully, and there can be no assurance that store acquisition or opening costs for, net sales of, contribution margin of and average payback period on initial investment for new stores will conform to our operating model discussed elsewhere in this prospectus. Lower contribution margins from new stores, along with the impact of related store acquisition, opening and store management relocation costs, may have an adverse effect on our financial condition and operating results. In addition, if we acquire stores in the future, it may not be able to successfully integrate those stores into its existing store base and those stores may not be as profitable as its existing stores.

Also, we may not be able to successfully hire, train and retain new store employees or integrate those employees into the programs, policies and culture of us. We or our third party vendors may not be able to adapt our distribution, management and other operating systems to adequately supply products to new stores at competitive prices so that we can operate the stores in a successful and profitable manner. We may not have the level of cash flow or financing necessary to support our growth strategy.

Additionally, our acquisition and opening of new stores will place increased demands on our operational, managerial and administrative resources. These increased demands could cause the Company to operate its existing business less effectively, which in turn could cause deterioration in the financial performance of our existing stores. If the Company experiences a decline in performance, it may slow or discontinue store openings, or may decide to close stores that it is unable to operate in a profitable manner.

Additionally, some of our new stores may be located in areas where the Company has little experience or a lack of brand recognition. Those markets may have different competitive conditions, market conditions, consumer tastes and discretionary spending patterns than our existing markets, which may cause these new stores to be less successful than stores in our existing markets.

Our operating results and stock price will be adversely affected if we fail to implement our growth strategy or if we invest resources in a growth strategy that ultimately proves unsuccessful.

Our newly opened stores may negatively impact our financial results in the short-term and may not achieve sales and operating levels consistent with our mature store base on a timely basis or at all.

The Company has actively pursued new store growth and plans to continue doing so in the future. The Company cannot assure you that its new store acquisitions or openings will be successful or result in greater sales and profitability. New store openings may negatively impact our financial results in the short-term due to the effect of store opening costs and lower sales and contribution margin during the initial period following opening. New stores build their sales

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volume and their customer base over time and, as a result, generally have lower margins and higher operating expenses, as a percentage of net sales, than our more mature stores. A new store can take more than a year to achieve a level of operating performance comparable to our similarly existing stores. Further, we have experienced in the past, and expect to experience in the future, some sales volume transfer from our existing stores to our new stores as some of our existing customers switch to new, closer locations. As a result, part of the increase of the overall sales to us arising from a new store opening or a store acquisition may be offset by the “sales volume transfer” phenomena.

The competition from competitors may increase intensively in the future.

Food retail is a large and highly competitive industry. However, iFresh believes that the market participants in the Chinese supermarket industry are highly fragmented and immature. Currently, iFresh faces competition from smaller or dispersed competitors focusing on the niche market of Chinese consumers. However, with the rapid growth of the Chinese and other Asian population and their consumption power, other competitors may also begin operating in this niche market in the future. Those competitors include: (i) national conventional supermarkets, (ii) regional supermarkets, (iii) national superstores, (iv) alternative food retailers, (v) local foods stores, (vi) small specialty stores, and (vii) farmers’ markets.

The national and regional supermarket chains are experienced in operating multiple stores locations, expanding management and they have greater marketing or financial resources than iFresh does. Even though they currently offer only a limited selection of Chinese and Asian specialty foods, they may be able to devote greater resources to sourcing, promoting and selling their products if they choose to do so. On the contrary, the local food stores and markets are small in size with a deep understanding of local preferences, but their lack of scale results in high risk and limited growth potential.

If more and more competitors devote into this market segment aiming to serve Chinese and other Asian customers in the future, the competition will increase. Our operating results may be negatively impacted through a loss of sales, reduction in margin from competitive price changes and/or greater operating costs such as marketing, due to the increase of competition.

iFresh relies on a combination of product offerings, customer service, store format, location and pricing to compete.

iFresh competes with other food retailers on a combination of factors, primarily product selection and quality, customer service, store layout and decoration, location and price. Our success depends on its ability to offer products that appeal to its customers’ preferences. Failure to offer such products, or to accurately forecast changing customer preferences, could lead to a decrease in the number of customer transactions at our stores and in the amount customers spend at our stores.

Pricing in particular is a significant driver of consumer choice in our industry and iFresh expects competitors to continue to apply pricing and other competitive pressures. To the extent that our competitors lower prices, its ability to maintain gross profit margins and sales levels may be negatively impacted. Some of Our competitors may have greater resources than it does. These competitors could use these advantages to take measures, including reducing prices, which could adversely affect our competitive position, financial condition and results of operations.

If iFresh does not succeed in offering attractively priced products that consumers intend to purchase or are unable to provide a convenient and appealing shopping experience, Our sales, operating margins and market share may decrease, resulting in reduced profitability.

Economic conditions that impact consumer spending could materially affect our business.

Ongoing economic uncertainty continues to negatively affect consumer confidence and discretionary spending. iFresh’s operating results may be materially affected by changes in economic conditions nationwide or in the regions in which iFresh operates that impact consumer confidence and spending, including discretionary spending. This risk may be exacerbated if customers choose lower-cost alternatives to iFresh’s product offerings in response to economic conditions. In particular, a decrease in discretionary spending could adversely impact sales of certain of iFresh’s higher margin product offerings. Future economic conditions affecting disposable consumer income, such as employment levels, business conditions, changes in housing market conditions, the availability of consumer credit, interest rates, tax rates and fuel and energy costs, could reduce overall consumer spending or cause consumers to shift their spending

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to lower-priced competitors. In addition, inflation or deflation can impact iFresh’s business. Food deflation could reduce sales growth and earnings, while food inflation, combined with reduced consumer spending, could reduce gross profit margins. As a result, iFresh’s results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

Fresh’s existing stores are mainly located in Northeastern American metropolitan areas. The geographic concentration of its stores creates an exposure to the economy of the Northeastern United States and any downturn in this region could materially adversely affect iFresh’s financial condition and results of operations.

Perishable products make up a significant portion of iFresh’s sales, and ordering errors or product supply disruptions may have an adverse effect on iFresh’s profitability and operating results.

iFresh has a significant focus on perishable products. Sales of perishable products accounted for approximately 54.4% and 51.7% of iFresh’s net sales in the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020 and the six months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. iFresh has self-owned wholesale facilities and stable supply relationship with farm partners, which significantly reduces ordering errors and product disruption. However, iFresh still relies on various suppliers and vendors to provide and deliver its product inventory on a continuous basis. iFresh could suffer significant perishable product inventory losses in the event of the loss of a major supplier or vendor, disruption of its supply chain, extended power outages, natural disasters or other catastrophic occurrences. While iFresh has implemented certain systems to ensure that its ordering is in line with demand, it cannot assure you that its ordering systems will always work efficiently, in particular in connection with the new additional stores, which have no, or a limited, ordering history. If iFresh were to over-order, it could suffer inventory losses, which would negatively impact its operating results.

Interruption of exclusive distribution of brands or imports relating to iFresh’s wholesale operations may adversely impact iFresh’s financial conditions and operating results.

iFresh conducts wholesale business through its subsidiary, Strong America, which enables iFresh to have stronger negotiating power with vendors as well as a way to source products from China, Thailand and Taiwan to its own retail stores. Strong America is also the exclusive distributor of eight famous oversea brands. If iFresh can’t renew its exclusive distribution contracts relating to those brands, iFresh’s sales, both retail and wholesale, may be adversely affected. Furthermore, importing products from other countries is subject to the impact of various international factors, including international trading policies, shipping costs, currency fluctuations, tariffs and customs procedures for imports, which may affect the supply and purchase prices of the products to be imported by iFresh’s wholesale distributors and sold by them to iFresh. If iFresh fails to obtain or maintain a sustainable supply of these products from its vendors, its financial conditions and operating results will be adversely impacted.

The operation of new stores and online sales may cannibalize sales in iFresh’s stores and its financial results can be affected by economic and competitive conditions in this area.

All of iFresh’s existing stores are located in the Northeastern United States and it intends to grow its store base in this area. New stores are expected to be opened in the Greater New York City and Boston metropolitan areas. As iFresh opens new stores in closer proximity to its customers who currently travel longer distances to shop at iFresh’s stores, iFresh expects some of these customers to take advantage of the convenience of iFresh’s new locations. Simultaneously, iFresh will develop online sales to cover the customers living in a 2.5-hour drive radius, which may satisfy the demand from those Chinese customers living in the suburbs.

Some sales volume may transfer from iFresh’s existing stores to its new stores as some of its existing customers switch to these new, closer locations, or convenient online shopping. Consequently, iFresh’s new stores and online sales may adversely impact sales at iFresh’s existing stores.

Disruption of relationships with vendors could negatively affect iFresh’s business.

iFresh purchases vegetables and fruits directly from farms and other vendors and maintains stable relationships with the vendors to ensure reliable supplies of popular seasonal Chinese specialty of vegetables and fruits. iFresh also depends on third-party suppliers for exclusive third-party brands. The cancellation of iFresh’s supply arrangement with any of its suppliers or the disruption, delay or inability in supply from its suppliers could adversely affect iFresh’s sales. If iFresh’s suppliers fail to comply with food safety or other laws and regulations, or face allegations of non-compliance, their operations may be disrupted. iFresh cannot assure you that it would be able to find replacement suppliers on commercially reasonable terms.

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iFresh may be unable to protect or maintain its intellectual property, which could result in customer confusion, a negative perception of its brand and adversely affect its business.

iFresh believes that its intellectual property has substantial value and has contributed significantly to the success of iFresh’s business. In particular, iFresh’s trademarks, including New York Mart, are valuable assets that reinforce iFresh’s customers’ favorable perception of its stores.

From time to time, third parties have used names similar to iFresh’s, have applied to register trademarks similar to iFresh’s and, as iFresh believes, have infringed or misappropriated iFresh’s intellectual property rights. iFresh responds to these actions on a case-by-case basis, including, where appropriate, by sending cease and desist letters and commencing opposition actions and litigation. The outcomes of these actions have included both negotiated out-of-court settlements as well as litigation. iFresh cannot assure you that the steps it has taken to protect its intellectual property rights are adequate, that its intellectual property rights can be successfully defended and asserted in the future or that third parties will not infringe upon or misappropriate any such rights. In addition, iFresh’s trademark rights and related registrations may be challenged in the future and could be canceled or narrowed. Failure to protect iFresh’s trademark rights could prevent iFresh in the future from challenging third parties who use names and logos similar to iFresh’s trademarks, which may in turn cause consumer confusion or negatively affect consumers’ perception of iFresh’s brand and products, and eventually adversely affect iFresh’s sales and profitability. Moreover, intellectual property disputes and proceedings and infringement claims may result in a significant distraction for management and significant expense, which may not be recoverable regardless of whether iFresh is successful. Such proceedings may be protracted with no certainty of success, and an adverse outcome could subject iFresh to liabilities, force iFresh to cease use of certain trademarks or other intellectual property or force iFresh to enter into licenses with others. Any one of these occurrences may have a material adverse effect on iFresh’s business, results of operations and financial condition.

If iFresh experiences a data security breach and confidential customer information is disclosed, iFresh may be subject to penalties and experience negative publicity, which could affect iFresh’s customer relationships and have a material adverse effect on its business.

iFresh and its customers could suffer harm if customer information was accessed by third parties due to a security failure in iFresh’s systems. The collection of data and processing of transactions requires iFresh to receive, transmit and store a large amount of personally identifiable and transaction related data. This type of data is subject to legislation and regulation in various jurisdictions. Recently, data security breaches suffered by well-known companies and institutions have attracted a substantial amount of media attention, prompting state and federal legislative proposals addressing data privacy and security. If some of the current proposals are adopted, iFresh may be subject to more extensive requirements to protect the customer information that it processes in connection with the purchases of iFresh’s products. iFresh may become exposed to potential liability with respect to the data that it collects, manages and processes, and may incur legal costs if its information security policies and procedures are not effective or if it is required to defend its methods of collection, processing and storage of personal data. Future investigations, lawsuits or adverse publicity relating to iFresh’s methods of handling personal data could adversely affect its business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows due to the costs and negative market reaction relating to such developments. Additionally, if iFresh suffers data breaches, one or more of the credit card processing companies that it relies on may refuse to allow it to continue to participate in their network, which would limit iFresh’s ability to accept credit cards at its stores and could adversely affect its business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

Data theft, information espionage or other criminal activity directed at the retail industry or computer or communications systems may materially adversely affect iFresh’s business by causing iFresh to implement costly security measures in recognition of actual or potential threats, by requiring iFresh to expend significant time and expense developing, maintaining or upgrading its information technology systems and by causing it to incur significant costs to reimburse third parties for damages. Such activities may also materially adversely affect iFresh’s financial condition, results of operations and cash flows by reducing consumer confidence in the marketplace and by modifying consumer spending habits.

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If iFresh is unable to renew or replace current store leases or if it is unable to enter into leases for additional stores on favorable terms, or if one or more of its current leases are terminated prior to expiration of their stated term, and it cannot find suitable alternate locations, iFresh’s growth and profitability could be negatively impacted.

iFresh currently leases all of its store locations. Many of iFresh’s current leases provide unilateral option to renew for several additional rental periods at specific rental rates. iFresh’s ability to re-negotiate favorable terms on an expiring lease or to negotiate favorable terms for a suitable alternate location, and iFresh’s ability to negotiate favorable lease terms for additional store locations, could depend on conditions in the real estate market, competition for desirable properties, its relationships with current and prospective landlords, or other factors that are not within iFresh’s control. Any or all of these factors and conditions could negatively impact iFresh’s growth and profitability.

iFresh leases certain of its stores and related properties from related parties.

Long Deng, one of iFresh’s directors and executive officers, owns 50% of Dragon Development LLC, which leases to iFresh the premises at which Strong America, one of iFresh’s wholesale subsidiaries, is located. During fiscal year ended March 31, 2020, rental payments (excluding maintenance and taxes that iFresh is obligated to pay) under the leases from Dragon Development LLC were $886,543. The leases with Dragon Development LLC renewed on May 1, 2016, and their remaining terms are 6 years. iFresh has no assurance that these related parties will renew the lease agreements with it after expiration. If iFresh cannot renew the leases, it will have to move its stores and warehouses locations, which increases the uncertainty of finding suitable locations for those stores and the reputation recognition in new locations, which may adversely affect iFresh’s sales, expenses, profit and financial position.

Failure to retain iFresh’s senior management and other key personnel may adversely affect its operations.

iFresh’s success is substantially dependent on the continued service of its senior management and other key personnel. These executives, and in particular Long Deng, iFresh’s Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer and Chief Operating Officer, have been primarily responsible for determining the strategic direction of iFresh’s business and for executing its growth strategy and are integral to its brand and culture, and the reputation iFresh enjoys with suppliers and consumers. The loss of the services of any of these executives and other key personnel could have a material adverse effect on iFresh’s business and prospects, as iFresh may not be able to find suitable individuals to replace them on a timely basis, if at all. In addition, any such departure could be viewed in a negative light by investors and analysts, which may cause iFresh’s stock price to decline. The loss of key employees could negatively affect iFresh’s business.

If iFresh is unable to attract, train and retain employees, it may not be able to grow or successfully operate its business.

The retail store industry is labor intensive, and iFresh’s success depends in part upon its ability to attract, train and retain a sufficient number of employees who understand and appreciate iFresh’s culture and are able to represent its brand effectively and establish credibility with its business partners and consumers. iFresh’s ability to meet its labor needs, while controlling wage and labor-related costs, is subject to numerous external factors, including the availability of a sufficient number of qualified persons in the workforce in the markets in which iFresh is located, unemployment levels within those markets, prevailing wage rates, changing demographics, health and other insurance costs and changes in employment legislation. In the event of increasing wage rates, if iFresh fails to increase its wages competitively, the quality of its workforce could decline, causing its customer service to suffer, while increasing its wages could cause its earnings to decrease. If iFresh is unable to hire and retain employees capable of meeting its business needs and expectations, its business and brand image may be impaired. Any failure to meet iFresh’s staffing needs or any material increase in turnover rates of iFresh’s employees may adversely affect its business, results of operations and financial condition.

Changes in and enforcement of immigration laws could increase iFresh’s costs and adversely affect iFresh’s ability to attract and retain qualified store-level employees.

Federal and state governments from time to time implement immigration laws, regulations or programs that regulate iFresh’s ability to attract or retain qualified foreign employees. Some of these changes may increase iFresh’s obligations for compliance and oversight, which could subject iFresh to additional costs and make iFresh’s hiring process more cumbersome, or reduce the availability of potential employees. Although iFresh has implemented,

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and is in the process of enhancing, procedures to ensure its compliance with the employment eligibility verification requirements, there can be no assurance that these procedures are adequate and some of its employees may, without iFresh’s knowledge, be unauthorized workers. The employment of unauthorized workers may subject iFresh to fines or civil or criminal penalties, and if any of iFresh’s workers are found to be unauthorized, iFresh could experience adverse publicity that negatively impacts its brand and makes it more difficult to hire and keep qualified employees. iFresh may be required to terminate the employment of certain of its employees who were determined to be unauthorized workers. The termination of a significant number of employees may disrupt iFresh’s operations, cause temporary increases in iFresh’s labor costs as it trains new employees and result in additional adverse publicity. iFresh’s financial performance could be materially harmed as a result of any of these factors.

Prolonged labor disputes with employees and increases in labor costs could adversely affect iFresh’s business.

A considerable amount of iFresh’s operating costs is attributable to labor costs and, therefore, its financial performance is greatly influenced by increases in wage and benefit costs, including pension and health care costs. As a result, iFresh is exposed to risks associated with a competitive labor market. Rising health care and pension costs and the nature and structure of work rules will be important issues. Any work stoppages or labor disturbances as a result of employees’ dissatisfaction of their current employment terms could have a material adverse effect on iFresh’s financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. iFresh also expects that in the event of a work stoppage or labor disturbance, it could incur additional costs and face increased competition.

Various aspects of iFresh’s business are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations. iFresh’s compliance with these regulations may require additional capital expenditures and could materially adversely affect its ability to conduct its business as planned.

iFresh is subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to zoning, land use, environmental protection, workplace safety, food safety, public health, community right-to-know and alcoholic beverage and tobacco sales. In particular, the states in which iFresh operates and several local jurisdictions regulate the licensing of supermarkets and the sale of alcoholic beverages. In addition, certain local regulations may limit iFresh’s ability to sell alcoholic beverages at certain times. iFresh is also subject to laws governing its relationship with employees, including minimum wage requirements, overtime, working conditions, immigration, disabled access and work permit requirements. Compliance with new laws in these areas, or with new or stricter interpretations of existing requirements, could reduce the revenue and profitability of iFresh’s stores and could otherwise materially adversely affect iFresh’s business, financial condition or results of operations. iFresh’s new store openings could be delayed or prevented or its existing stores could be impacted by difficulties or failures in iFresh’s ability to obtain or maintain required approvals or licenses. iFresh’s stores are subject to unscheduled inspections on a regular basis, which, if violations are found, could result in the assessment of fines, suspension of one or more needed licenses and, in the case of repeated “critical” violations, closure of the store until a re-inspection demonstrates that iFresh has remediated the problem. Certain of iFresh’s parking lots and warehouses either have only temporary certificates of occupancy or are awaiting a certificate of occupancy which, if not granted, would require iFresh to stop using such property. Additionally, a number of federal, state and local laws impose requirements or restrictions on business owners with respect to access by disabled persons. iFresh’s compliance with these laws may result in modifications to iFresh’s properties, or prevent iFresh from performing certain further renovations. iFresh cannot predict the nature of future laws, regulations, interpretations or applications, or determine what effect either additional government regulations or administrative orders, when and if promulgated, or disparate federal, state and local regulatory schemes would have on iFresh’s business in the future.

iFresh’s plans to acquire and open new stores requires iFresh to spend capital. Failure to use its capital efficiently could have an adverse effect on iFresh’s profitability.

iFresh’s growth strategy depends on its acquisition of and opening new stores, which will require iFresh to use cash generated by its operations and a portion of the net proceeds of future equity or debt financing and borrowing under bank credit line. iFresh cannot assure you that cash generated by its operations, the net proceeds of future equity or debt financing and borrowing under bank credit line will be sufficient to allow iFresh to implement its growth strategy. If any of these initiatives prove to be unsuccessful, iFresh may experience reduced profitability and it could be required to delay, significantly curtail or eliminate planned store openings, which could have a material adverse effect on its financial condition and future operating performance and the price of its common stock.

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Changes in U.S. trade policies, including the imposition of tariffs on various goods and a potential resulting trade war with China and other countries, could have a material adverse impact on our business.

Some of our merchandise is produced in foreign countries, primarily in China, making the price and availability of our merchandise susceptible to international trade risks and other international conditions. The imposition of tariffs, duties, border adjustment taxes or other trade restrictions by the United States could also result in the adoption of new or increased tariffs or other trade restrictions by other countries. Recently, the current U.S. administration and China have imposed significant tariffs on goods imported from the other’s country, and more recently, the United States has proposed the imposition of additional tariffs on various goods. If the current administration follows through with such tariffs, or if additional tariffs or trade restrictions are implemented by the United States or other countries, the resulting trade barriers could have a significant adverse impact on the cost of our goods, the prices at which we offer them for sale and our overall financial performance. We are not able to predict future trade policy of the United States, China, or of any foreign countries in which we operate or purchase goods, or the terms of any renegotiated trade agreements, or their impact on our business. The adoption and expansion of trade restrictions and tariffs, quotas and embargoes, the occurrence of a trade war, or other governmental action related to tariffs or trade agreements or policies, has the potential to adversely impact the cost of and demand for our products, our overall costs, our customers, our suppliers and the world economy, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our business, operational results, financial position and cash flows.

Litigation may materially adversely affect iFresh’s business, financial condition and results of operations.

iFresh’s operations are characterized by a high volume of customer traffic and by transactions involving a wide variety of product selections. These operations carry a higher exposure to consumer litigation risk when compared to the operations of companies operating in many other industries. Consequently, iFresh may be a party to individual personal injury, product liability and other legal actions in the ordinary course of its business, including litigation arising from food-related illness. The outcome of litigation, particularly class action lawsuits and regulatory actions, is difficult to assess or quantify. Plaintiffs in these types of lawsuits may seek recovery of very large or indeterminate amounts, and the magnitude of the potential loss relating to such lawsuits may remain unknown for substantial periods of time. The cost to defend future litigation may be significant. There may also be adverse publicity associated with litigation that may decrease consumer confidence in iFresh’s businesses, regardless of whether the allegations are valid or whether iFresh is ultimately found liable. As a result, litigation may materially adversely affect iFresh’s businesses, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Increased commodity prices and availability may impact profitability.

Many of iFresh’s products include ingredients such as wheat, corn, oils, milk, sugar, cocoa and other commodities. Commodity prices worldwide have been increasing. While commodity price inputs do not typically represent the substantial majority of iFresh’s product costs, any increase in commodity prices may cause its vendors to seek price increases from iFresh. Although iFresh is typically able to mitigate vendor efforts to increase its costs, it may be unable to continue to do so, either in whole or in part. In the event iFresh is unable to continue mitigating potential vendor price increases, it may in turn consider raising its prices, and its customers may be deterred by any such price increases. iFresh’s profitability may be impacted through increased costs to it which may impact gross margins, or through reduced revenue as a result of a decline in the number and average size of customer transactions.

Severe weather, natural disasters and adverse climate changes may materially adversely affect iFresh’s financial condition and results of operations.

Severe weather conditions and other natural disasters in areas where iFresh has stores or from which iFresh obtains the products it sells may materially adversely affect its retail operations or its product offerings and, therefore, its results of operations. Such conditions may result in physical damage to, or temporary or permanent closure of, one or more of iFresh’s stores, an insufficient workforce in iFresh’s markets and/or temporary disruption in the supply of products, including delays in the delivery of goods to iFresh’s stores or a reduction in the availability of products in its stores. In addition, adverse climate conditions and adverse weather patterns, such as drought or flood, that impact growing conditions and the quantity and quality of crops may materially adversely affect the availability or cost of certain products within its supply chain. Any of these factors may disrupt iFresh’s businesses and materially adversely affect its financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

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iFresh needs approximately $10 million for the year ended March 31, 2021 in order to achieve its planned growth for that year and if it cannot successfully obtain sufficient capital, the financial results and stock price of iFresh after the business combination will be adversely affected.

iFresh believes that it needs approximately $10 million for the year ended March 31, 2021 mainly for the purpose of acquiring stores to achieve its planned growth for that year. If it is not able to obtain financing on commercially reasonable terms in connection with the Business Combination, as is contemplated by the parties, it may not be able to implement its growth plan. If it is unable to affect its growth plan, iFresh’s financial results will be significantly worse than anticipated and its stock price may decline as a result.

iFresh is an “emerging growth company” and the reduced disclosure requirements applicable to emerging growth companies may make its securities less attractive to investors.

iFresh is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the JOBS Act. It may remain an “emerging growth company” until the fiscal year ended March 31, 2021. However, if its non-convertible debt issued within a three-year period or revenues exceeds $1 billion, or the market value of its common stock that are held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million on the last day of the second fiscal quarter of any given fiscal year, iFresh would cease to be an emerging growth company as of the following fiscal year. As an emerging growth company, iFresh is not required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, has reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in its periodic reports and proxy statements, and is exempt from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. Additionally, as an emerging growth company, iFresh has elected to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies. As such, iFresh’s financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with public company effective dates. As a result, potential investors may be less likely to invest in our securities.

There is no assurance that the Company will be able to comply with the requirements in the Second Forbearance Agreement. If KeyBank elects to exercise its rights and remedies under the Second Forbearance Agreement with respect to any event of default, then it will have a material adverse effect on us and create substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

On May 20, 2019, the Company, NYM Holding, Inc. , certain subsidiaries of NYM, Mr. Long Deng and KeyBank National Association (“Keybank” or the “Lender”) entered into the first forbearance agreement (the “First Forbearance Agreement”) with respect to that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of December 23, 2016, as amended, pursuant to which KeyBank made available to NYM a revolving credit facility, a term loan facility, and other credit accommodations (the “Loan Agreements”). The Lender has agreed to delay the exercise of its rights and remedies under the Loan Agreements based on the existence of certain events of default until the earlier to occur of: (a) 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on the 90th day from the date of the First Forbearance Agreement (the “First Forbearance Period”); and (b) a Forbearance Event of Default. Reference is made to the current report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on May 21, 2019.

The Borrower did not meet its obligations under the Loan Agreements by the end of the First Forbearance Period. On October 17, 2019 (the “Effective Date”), the Company, NYM, certain subsidiaries of NYM, Go Fresh 365, Inc. (“Go Fresh”), Mr. Long Deng and Keybank entered into the second forbearance agreement (the “Second Forbearance Agreement”). Pursuant to certain Guaranty Agreement dated as of December 26, 2016, as amended by several joinder agreements and the Second Forbearance Agreement, the Company, certain subsidiaries of NYM, Go Fresh and Mr. Long Deng (collectively, the “Guarantors”, and together with the Borrower, the “Loan Parties”) have agreed to guarantee the payment and performance of the obligations of the Borrower under the Credit Agreement (“Obligations”). Terms used but not otherwise defined herein have the meanings ascribed to them in the Second Forbearance Agreement.

The Lender agreed to delay the exercise of its rights and remedies under the Loan Agreement based on the existence of certain events of default (the “Specified Events of Default”) until the earlier to occur of: (a) 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on the November 29, 2019; and (b) a Forbearance Event of Default. No subsequent agreements or amendments have been entered into and as such, we are currently in default of the Credit Facility.

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The Borrower is not current in its payments to Keybank. As of September 30, 2020 we owe $21,266,149 to Keybank. On August 6, 2020 the Company received the 3rd forbearance agreement from Key Bank, which includes the following terms:

•        All delinquent regular interest paid at or before settlement.

•        July and August required payments will be regular interest amounts.

•        Default interest will be deferred until 9/25/2020

•        Store valuations will be ordered immediately.

•        Continue to provide weekly cash flow reports.

•        Provide quarterly financial statements of NYM, iFresh and newly acquired businesses.

•        Monthly financial projections.

•        Cost/work detail on the completion of the CT store.

•        Pledge of the equity and guarantee of newly acquired businesses.

•        File a UCC-1 financing statement for iFresh Inc.

If the 3rd forbearance agreement cannot be reached, KeyBank is fully prepared to pursue legal remedies. As of the date of this prospectus, the 3rd forbearance agreement is still under negotiation.

Our principal liquidity needs are to meet its working capital requirements, operating expenses and capital expenditure obligations. Our ability to fund these needs will depend on its future performance, which will be subject in part to general economic, competitive and other factors beyond its control. In addition, if Keybank accelerates the loan, we may be forced to declare bankruptcy. These conditions raise substantial doubt as to our ability to remain a going concern.

If we fail to effectively operate our self-insured health plan, we may not be able to retain employees and may be subject to tax penalties and legal proceedings.

Under The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act, employers with 50 or more full-time equivalent employees must offer health insurance to certain of their employees and their dependent children, and if coverage meeting certain minimum requirements is not offered the employer may face non-deductible tax penalties.

We and our subsidiaries operate self-insurance health plan for our employees. We could be subject to payment of health care claims from employees, which vary from time to time. If we do not settle such health care claims in time, we may be subject to various tax penalties, legal or administrative claims and proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. Litigation or any other legal or administrative proceeding, regardless of the outcome, is likely to result in a substantial cost and diversion to our resources, including our management’s time and attention. Any tax penalties may adversely affect our financial performance.

Risks Related to Our Liquor Business

A reduction in the supply of fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine and base alcohol available to us from the independent herb growers and base alcohol suppliers could reduce our annual production of liquor.

We rely on growers to purchase substantially all the fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine used in our liquor wine production. These ingredients include rehmannia glutinosa, Chinese yams, lyceum chinense, velvet antler, cyathula officinalis, angelica sinensis, and dwarf lilyturf, among other ingredients. We believe that the fundamental herbs we use in our herbal liquor products are readily available in China and that the supply of these herbs and the edible base alcohol are stable. However, if the supply of fundamental herbs and base alcohol available to us from the independent herb growers and base alcohol suppliers reduce, it could negatively impact our liquor business.

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We face significant competition which could adversely affect profitability.

The liquor and herbal liquor industries are intensely competitive and highly fragmented in China. Our liquor products compete in several liquor products market segments with many other domestic liquor and herbal liquor products. Our liquor products also compete with other alcoholic and, to a lesser degree, non-alcoholic beverages, for shelf space in retail stores and for marketing focus by independent distributors, many of which carry extensive brand portfolios. As a result of this intense competition there has been and may continue to be upward pressure on selling and promotional expenses. In addition, the liquor industry has experienced significant consolidation. Many competitors have greater financial, technical, marketing and public relations resources. Our sales may be harmed to the extent we are not able to compete successfully against such liquor products or alternative beverage producers’ costs. There can be no assurance that in the future that we will be able to successfully compete with current competitors or that we will not face greater competition from other wineries and beverage manufacturers.

If we experience problems with our product quality, customer satisfaction with respect to pricing of our products or the timely delivery of our products, we could lose our customers and market acceptance which will affect our sales and have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our growth and sales relating to our herbal liquor products primarily depend on our maintenance of quality control, customer satisfaction with respect to pricing and the punctual availability and delivery of our products. If we fail to deliver the same quality of our products with the same punctuality and pricing which our customers have grown accustomed to, or in accordance with the terms of our sales agreements, we could damage our customer relations and market acceptance, which will affect sales and our business in general. For example, we have to maintain food production licenses and GMP certificates for pharmaceutical products as an indication of the quality of our products. If we experience deterioration in the performance or quality of any of our products, whether due to problems internally or externally, it could result in delays in delivery, cancellations of orders or customer complaints, loss of goodwill, diversion of the attention of our senior personnel and harm to our brand and reputation. Any and all of these results would have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We are subject to a series of food and drug supervision and management regulations of our liquor products business. If we are unable to comply with relevant regulations, we may face penalties or our licenses may be revoked.

To conduct our liquor and herbal liquor products business, we have obtained a Food Business License, a Food Production License, a Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Permit and GMP Certificate. We are also required to comply with a series of food and drug regulations and national standards, such as the technical standards and advertising regulations regarding rug products. If we fail to comply with relevant regulations or national standards, we may face penalties or our licenses may be revoked.

The price of the ingredients for our liquor and herbal liquor products is controlled by government. If there is a significant increase in the market price of ingredients, it might increase our cost and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The PRC government has the power to intervene in the price of important types of grain under certain circumstances, such as when a material change occurs to the market supply and demand and/or the grain price fluctuates significantly, in order to protect the interests of farmers. Although such pricing guidance has not had a material impact on our business in the past, we cannot guarantee you the market price of our ingredients would always be kept at the current level. If there is a significant increase in the market price of ingredients, it would increase our cost of sales, and we would not be able to pass those increased costs on to our customers. Such increased costs could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The liquor industry might be heavily influenced by national and local policies. Given the current unclear situation of local and national regulations and policies, we cannot predict the impact of future policy changes on the industry.

Local policies and national policies regarding the liquor industry are inconsistent to some degree. At the national level, the liquor products business is in a restricted industry. According to the “Industrial Structure Adjustment Guidance Catalogue” promulgated by the National Development and Reform Commission in 2011 and revised in 2013, the liquor products business is in the restricted industry category. However, Hubei Province, where our liquor business is located, issued a notice on “Strengthening the Hubei Liquor Industry Action Plan” in 2016, encouraging

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further expansion into the liquor industry and comprehensively improving the strength and competitiveness of the liquor industry. We cannot predict the impact of the inconsistency between national and local policy and any future change in policy on the industry. If the national or the local government further adjusts the current liquor industry policy, such as placing restrictions on liquor production and consumption through regulations on taxation, bank loans, land supply, advertising, pricing or other aspects, it might have an adverse impact on our production and operation.

Risks related to Face Mask Production

As COVID-19 is brought under control, the demand for masks will decrease.

As the transmission of COVID-19 is brought under control and vaccines are developed, we believe that the market demand for face masks will decline. This will result in reduced revenues from the sale of face masks due to fewer masks being sold and a decline of prices for the masks.

We may not be able to import our face mask products into the United States due to tensions between the United States and China.

The trade tension between the United States and China may impact imports and exports. For example, the Trump administration suspended passenger flights to the U.S. by Chinese airlines, declaring that it was retaliating after Beijing barred American carriers from re-entering China amid escalating tensions between the two nations. The order took effect June 16, 2020. The move ratchets up tensions between the U.S. and China over trade, which may prevent us from importing face masks from our manufacturing facility in China.

Risks Related to Jiuxiang Blue Sky Technology (Beijing) Co., Ltd. (“Jiuxiang”)

If we fail to maintain membership loyalty or sustain membership growth, or fail to maintain member relationships effectively and retain existing members, our business and operating results may be materially and adversely affected.

We are a membership-based e-commerce platform and therefore membership loyalty and growth are essential to our business. The growth of our business depends on our ability to maintain and increase the number of members on our platform and improve the level of their engagement. Damage to our reputation or our failure to anticipate needs of and provide value-added services to our members, among other things, could also diminish membership loyalty and reduce activity of members on our platform, which could cause our revenue and operating income to decline and negatively impact our profitability. To increase our revenue, we must increase the number of, or level of activity of, our members. However, we may not be able to accurately predict how the number and level of activity of members may fluctuate. In addition, if our existing and new business opportunities and incentives, products, services and other initiatives do not generate sufficient enthusiasm and economic incentive to retain our existing members or attract new members on a sustained basis, our operating results could be adversely affected. As a result, in order to maintain our business growth in the future, we need to increase our retention of existing members and continue to successfully attract additional members.

Any change, disruption or discontinuity in the features and functions of major social networks in China could severely limit our ability to continue growing our member and user base, and our business may be materially and adversely affected.

Our success depends on our ability to attract and retain new members and other users and expand our member and user base. We leverage social networks in China as a tool for member and user acquisition and engagement. For example, we leverage social networks, such as WeChat, QQ and Weibo, to enable members to share product information and their experiences with products on our platform to their friends, family and other social contacts, who can purchase such products directly via the links shared by the members through social networks. A substantial portion of our member and user traffic comes from such member recommendation through social networks. To the extent that we are banned from using some or all functions of such social networks, or fail to leverage such social networks, our ability to attract or retain members and other users, and maintain an active community may be severely harmed. If WeChat, QQ or Weibo changes its functions or support, such as charging fees for functions or support that is currently provided for free, or stops offering its functions or support to us or discontinues its functions or support

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in general, we may not be able to locate alternative platforms of similar scale to provide similar functions or support in a timely manner, or at all. Furthermore, we may fail to establish or maintain relationships with additional social network operators to support the growth of our business on economically viable terms, or at all. Any interruption to or discontinuation of our relationships with major social network operators may severely and negatively impact our ability to continue growing our user base, and any occurrence of the circumstances mentioned above may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

If our business model were found to be in violation of applicable laws and regulations, our business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially and adversely affected.

In August 2005, the State Council promulgated the Regulations on the Prohibition of Pyramid Selling, which prohibits individuals and entities in China from engaging in pyramid selling. Based on our discussion with the competent government authorities and the advice of Jia Yuan Law Offices, we believe that our current business model is not in violation of applicable PRC laws and regulations, including the Regulations on the Prohibition of Pyramid SellingHowever, there is no assurance that the competent governmental authorities in China that we communicated with will not change their views, or the other relevant government authorities will share the same view as our PRC legal counsel, or they will find our business model not in violation of any applicable regulations, given the uncertainties in the interpretation and application of existing PRC laws, regulations and policies relating to our current business model, including, but not limited to, regulations regulating pyramid selling. Moreover, new laws, regulations or policies may also be promulgated in the future, and there is no assurance that our current business model will be in full compliance with the new laws, regulations or policies. If our business model were to be found in violation in the future, we will have to make adjustment to our business model or cease certain of our business operations, and the relevant governmental authorities may confiscate any illegal gains and impose a fine, which would have a material and adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Risks Related to this Offering

We may be delisted from the NASDAQ Stock Market.

On October 5, 2020, we received a letter from Nasdaq, which stated that we were not in compliance with NASDAQ Listing Rule 5550(a)(2), which requires an issuer to maintain a minimum closing bid price of $1.00 per share (the “Minimum Bid Price Rule”). In accordance with the Nasdaq Listing Rules, we were provided with a 180-day grace period to regain compliance with the Minimum Bid Price Rule, which is through April 5, 2021. The notice has no immediate impact on the listing or trading of our securities on NASDAQ.

If we do not regain compliance with the Minimum Bid Price Rule by April 5, 2021 and are not eligible for an additional compliance period at that time, NASDAQ will provide written notification to us that our common stock may be delisted. At that time, we may appeal NASDAQ’s delisting determination to a NASDAQ Listing Qualifications Panel.

We intend to monitor the closing bid price of our common stock and may, if appropriate, consider available options to regain compliance with the Minimum Bid Price Rule. However, we may not regain compliance with the Minimum Bid Price Rule or any of the other NASDAQ continued listing requirements in the future.

We have previously received delisting notices from NASDAQ. If, in the future, we are delisted from The NASDAQ Capital Market, we and our stockholder could face significant material adverse consequences including:

•        a limited availability of market quotations for our securities;

•        a determination that our ordinary shares are a “penny stock,” which will require brokers trading in our ordinary shares to adhere to more stringent rules, possibly resulting in a reduced level of trading activity in the secondary trading market for our ordinary shares;

•        a limited amount of analyst coverage; and

•        a decreased ability to issue additional securities or obtain additional financing in the future.

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Management will have broad discretion as to the use of the net proceeds from this offering, and we may not use these proceeds effectively.

We intend to use the net proceeds from this offering for working capital and general corporate purposes. Our management will have broad discretion in the application of the net proceeds from this offering and could spend the proceeds in ways that do not improve our results of operations or enhance the value of our common stock. Accordingly, you will be relying on the judgment of our management with regard to the use of these net proceeds, and you will not have the opportunity, as part of your investment decision, to assess whether the proceeds are being used appropriately. Our failure to apply these funds effectively could have a material adverse effect on our business, delay the development of our product candidates and cause the price of our common stock to decline.

You will experience immediate and substantial dilution in the net tangible book value per share of the common stock you purchase.

Because the price per share of our common stock being offered is substantially higher than the net tangible book value per share of our common stock, you will suffer substantial dilution in the net tangible book value of the common stock you purchase in this offering. If you purchase shares of common stock in this offering, you will suffer immediate and substantial dilution of approximately ($0.39) per share in the net tangible book value of the common stock. See the section entitled “Dilution” in this prospectus for a more detailed discussion of the dilution you will incur if you purchase common stock in this offering.

In addition, we have a significant number of convertible preferred stock outstanding. To the extent that outstanding convertible preferred stock is converted, you may experience further dilution.

Future sales of substantial amounts of our common stock could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

We may choose to raise additional capital due to market conditions or strategic considerations even if we believe we have sufficient funds for our current or future operating plans. If additional capital is raised through the sale of equity or convertible debt securities, or perceptions that those sales could occur, the issuance of these securities could result in further dilution to investors purchasing our common stock in this offering or result in downward pressure on the price of our common stock, and our ability to raise capital in the future.

There is no public market for the common warrants or the pre-funded warrants.

There is no established public trading market for the common warrants or the pre-funded warrants, and we do not expect a market to develop. In addition, we do not intend to apply to list the common warrants or the pre-funded warrants on any national securities exchange or other nationally recognized trading system, including The NASDAQ Capital Market. Without an active market, the liquidity of the warrants and the pre-funded warrants will be limited.

The common warrants and the pre-funded warrants in this offering are speculative in nature.

Neither the common warrants nor the pre-funded warrants in this offering confer any rights of common stock ownership on its holders, such as voting rights or the right to receive dividends, but rather merely represent the right to acquire shares of common stock at a fixed price, as the case maybe. In addition, following this offering, the market value of the common warrants and the pre-funded warrants, if any, is uncertain and there can be no assurance that the market value of the common warrants or the pre-funded warrants will equal or exceed their imputed offering price. Neither the common warrants nor the pre-funded warrants will be listed or quoted for trading on any market or exchange.

Holders of the common warrants or pre-funded warrants will not have rights of holders of our common stock until such common warrants or pre-funded warrants are exercised.

Until holders of common warrants or pre-funded warrants acquire shares of our common stock upon exercise of the common warrants or upon exercise of the pre-funded warrants, holders of common warrants or pre-funded warrants will have no rights with respect to the shares of our common stock underlying such securities. Upon exercise of the common warrants or exercise of the pre-funded warrants, the holders will be entitled to exercise the rights of a holder of our common stock only as to matters for which the record date occurs after the exercise.

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A large number of shares issued in this offering may be sold in the market following this offering, which may depress the market price of our common stock.

A large number of shares issued in this offering may be sold in the market following this offering, which may depress the market price of our common stock. Sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock in the public market following this offering could cause the market price of our common stock to decline. If there are more shares of our common stock offered for sale than buyers are willing to purchase, then the market price of our common stock may decline to a market price at which buyers are willing to purchase the offered shares of our common stock and sellers remain willing to sell the shares. All of the securities issued in the offering will be freely tradable without restriction or further registration under the Securities Act.

This is a best efforts offering, no minimum number or dollar amount of securities is required to be sold, and we may not raise the amount of capital we believe is required for our business plans.

The Placement Agent has agreed to use its reasonable best efforts to solicit offers to purchase the securities in this offering. The Placement Agent has no obligation to buy any of the securities from us or to arrange for the purchase or sale of any specific number or dollar amount of the securities. There is no required minimum number of securities that must be sold as a condition to completion of this offering. Because there is no minimum offering amount required as a condition to the closing of this offering, the actual offering amount, Placement Agent fees and proceeds to us are not presently determinable and may be substantially less than the maximum amounts set forth above. We may sell fewer than all of the securities offered hereby, which may significantly reduce the amount of proceeds received by us, and investors in this offering will not receive a refund in the event that we do not sell an amount of securities sufficient to fund research and development of our lead product candidates, including clinical trial activities. Thus, we may not raise the amount of capital we believe is required for our operations in the short-term and may need to raise additional funds, which may not be available or available on terms acceptable to us.

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CAPITALIZATION

The following table sets forth our actual cash and cash equivalents and capitalization, each as of September 30, 2020, and as adjusted to give effect to the issuance and sale of shares of our common stock and accompanying warrants in this offering at an assumed public offering price of $0.90 per share and accompanying warrant, which is the last reported sale price for our common stock on the NASDAQ Capital Market on December 18, 2020, after deducting the underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us, and assuming no pre-funded warrants are issued.

The as adjusted information set forth below is illustrative only and will be adjusted based on the actual public offering price and other terms of this offering determined at pricing. You should read this information together with our consolidated financial statements and related notes incorporated by reference in this prospectus.

 

As of September 30, 2020

   

Actual

 

As Adjusted

   

(Dollars in thousands,
except per share data)

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

7,759,008

 

 

9,926,836

 

Total Liabilities

 

$

112,883,234

 

 

103,236,893

 

Total Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

18,555,159

 

 

20,611,933

 

Preferred stock

 

$

10,171,978

 

 

8,408,539

 

Common stock

 

$

3,023

 

 

4,570

 

Additional paid-in-capital

 

$

31,386,155

 

 

32,253,855

 

Accumulated deficit

 

$

(23,851,950

)

 

(22,793,600

)

Accumulated Non-Controlling Interest

 

 

590,154

 

 

574,358

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

$

18,555,159

 

 

20,611,933

 

The number of shares of our common stock to be outstanding after this offering is based on 30,230,383 shares of common stock outstanding as of September 30, 2020 and 14,962,103 shares of common stock issuable upon the conversion of our Preferred Stock.

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DILUTION

If you purchase shares of our common stock in this offering, you will experience dilution to the extent of the difference between the price per share you pay in this offering and the net tangible book value per share of our common stock immediately after this offering. The net tangible book value of our common stock on September 30, 2020 was approximately $10,816,904, or approximately $0.28 per share. Net tangible book value per share is equal to the amount of our total tangible assets, less total liabilities, divided by the aggregate number of shares of our common stock outstanding.

After giving effect to the assumed sale by us of shares of our common stock in this offering at an assumed combined public offering price of $0.90 per share of common stock and accompanying warrant, based on the last reported sale price of our common stock on the NASDAQ Capital Market on December 18, 2020, and assuming no sale of any pre-funded warrants, after deducting the Placement Agent fees and the estimated offering expenses payable by us, our as adjusted net tangible book value as of December 18, 2020 would have been approximately $13.9 million, or approximately $0.39 per share of common stock. This represents an immediate increase in net tangible book value of approximately $0.11 per share to existing stockholders and an immediate dilution of approximately $0.51 per share to new investors purchasing shares of our common stock in this offering. The following table illustrates this per share dilution:

Assumed combined public offering price per share

 

$

0.90

Net tangible book value per share as of September 30, 2020

 

$

0.28

Increase per share attributable to new investors in this offering

 

$

0.11

As adjusted net tangible book value per share as of September 30, 2020 after giving effect to this offering

 

$

0.39

Dilution per share to investors participating in this offering

 

$

0.51

The dilution information set forth in the table above is illustrative only and will be adjusted based on the actual public offering price and other terms of this offering determined at pricing.

The discussion and table above assumes no sales of pre-funded warrants, which, if sold, would reduce the number of shares of common stock that we are offering on a one-for-one basis.

The number of shares of our common stock to be outstanding after this offering is based on 30,230,383 shares of common stock outstanding as of September 30, 2020 and 14,962,103 shares of common stock issuable upon the conversion of our Preferred Stock.

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USE OF PROCEEDS

Assuming all of the shares and/or pre-funded warrants offered in this offering are sold, we estimate that our net proceeds from this offering will be approximately $5.5 million based on an assumed offering price of $0.90 the last reported sale price of our common stock on the NASDAQ Capital Market on December 18, 2020. However, because this is a best efforts offering and there is no minimum offering amount required as a condition to the closing of this offering, the actual offering amount, Placement Agent’s fees and net proceeds to us are not presently determinable and may be substantially less than the maximum amounts set forth on the cover page of this prospectus.

We intend to use the net proceeds of this offering for working capital and general corporate purposes. However, if KeyBank elects to foreclose on significant assets of the Company, then it will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s liquidity, cash flows, financial condition and results of operations, and the Company’s ability to continue operations will be materially jeopardized, and the Company may be forced to declare bankruptcy. In such event, the proceeds from this offering may be used to repay KeyBank.

As of the date of this prospectus, the Company cannot specify with certainty all of the particular uses for the net proceeds to be received upon the completion of this offering. The amounts and timing of its actual expenditures will depend on numerous factors, including the status of its product development efforts, sales and marketing activities, technological advances, amount of cash generated or used by its operations and competition. Accordingly, the Company’s management will have broad discretion in the application of the net proceeds and investors will be relying on the judgment of its management regarding the application of the proceeds of this offering.

OUR COMMON STOCK

Our common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “IFMK”.

Holders

As of December 18, 2020, the last reported sales price reported on the NASDAQ Capital Market for our common stock was $0.90 per share. As of the date of this prospectus, we had approximately 122 holders of record of our common stock. The number of record holders was determined from the records of our transfer agent and does not include beneficial owners of common stock whose shares are held in the names of various security brokers, dealers, and registered clearing agencies.

Dividends

During the last four years, we have not declared or paid any cash dividends on our capital stock, and we do not anticipate paying cash dividends in the future.

Securities authorized for issuance under Equity Compensation Plans Information

The following table provides information about our common stock that may be issued upon the exercise of options, warrants and rights under all of our existing equity compensation plans as of March 31, 2020.

Plan Category

 

Number of
securities to
be issued upon
exercise of
outstanding

options,
warrants and
rights

 

Weighted
average
exercise price
of outstanding
options,
warrants and
rights

 

Number of
securities
remaining
available for
future issuance
under equity
compensation
plans (excluding
securities

reflected in
column (1))(1)

Equity compensation plans approved by security holder

 

0

 

 

350,000

(2)

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holder

 

0

 

 

0

 

   

0

 

 

 

350,000

 

____________

(1)      Consists of shares of common stock available for future issuance under our equity incentive plans.

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DIVIDEND POLICY

We have not declared any cash dividends on our common stock since inception and do not anticipate paying such dividends in the foreseeable future. We plan to retain any future earnings for use in our business operations. Any decisions as to future payment of cash dividends will depend on our earnings and financial position and such other factors as the Board of Directors deems relevant.

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with our financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this prospectus. In addition to historical financial information, the following discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties, and assumptions. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated by these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors. We discuss factors that we believe could cause or contribute to these differences below and elsewhere in this prospectus, including those set forth under “Risk Factors” and “Forward-Looking Statements.”

Overview

iFresh Inc. (“we,” “us,” “our,” or “iFresh” or the “Company”) is a Delaware company incorporated in July 2016 in order to reincorporate E-Compass Acquisition Corp. (“E-Compass”) to Delaware pursuant to the Merger Agreement (as defined below). Immediately following the reincorporation, we acquired NYM Holding, Inc. (“NYM”). E-Compass was a blank check company formed for the purpose of entering into a share exchange, asset acquisition, share purchase, recapitalization, reorganization or other similar business combination with one or more businesses or entities. NYM is a fast growing Asian/Chinese grocery supermarket chain in the north-eastern U.S. providing food and other merchandise hard to find in mainstream grocery stores. Since NYM was formed in 1995, NYM has been targeting the Chinese and other Asian population in the U.S. with its in-depth cultural understanding of its target customer’s unique consumption habits. iFresh currently has ten retail supermarkets across New York, Massachusetts and Florida, with in excess of 4,938,600 sales transactions in its stores in the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020. It currently has one in-house wholesale businesses, Strong America Limited (“Strong America”) covering more than 6,000 wholesale products and servicing both NYM retail supermarkets and over 1,000 external clients that range from wholesalers to retailing groceries and restaurants. NYM has a stable supply of food from farms in New Jersey and Florida, ensuring reliable supplies of the most popular vegetables, fruits and seafood. Its wholesale business and long term relationships with farms insulate NYM from supply interruptions and sales declines, allowing it to remain competitive even during difficult markets.

Recent Developments

Termination of Acquisition

On June 7, 2019, iFresh Inc. entered into a Share Exchange Agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”) with Xiaotai International Investment Inc. (“Xiaotai International”) and the equity holders of Xiaotai International (the “Xiaotai Shareholders”), pursuant to which, among other things and subject to the terms and conditions contained therein, iFresh would acquire all of the outstanding issued shares and other equity interests in Xiaotai International from the Xiaotai Shareholders (the “Acquisition”). Pursuant to the Exchange Agreement, in exchange for all of the outstanding shares of Xiaotai International, iFresh agreed to issue 254,813,383 shares of its common stock to the Xiaotai Shareholders. Xiaotai International operates through its variable interest entity, Zhejiang Xiaotai Technology Co. Ltd. (“Zhejiang Xiaotai”), in China.

As disclosed in a current report on Form 8-K filed on November 5, 2019, we received news regarding an ongoing investigation of Zhejiang Xiaotai by the Hangzhou Police Department, Binjiang Branch (“Hangzhou Police”) through a public notice released by the Hangzhou Police on November 3, 2019 (the “Police Report”). Zhejiang Xiaotai is alleged to have conducted illegal fundraising from the public. The report also stated that several executives of Zhejiang Xiaotai have been detained and are being held in custody.

On November 5, 2019 (the “Termination Date”), iFresh issued written notice to Xiaotai International and Xiaotai Shareholders to terminate the Exchange Agreement pursuant to section 9.1(c), (e) and (f) of the Exchange Agreement, effective immediately.

From and after the Termination Date, the Exchange Agreement will be of no further force or effect, and the rights and obligations of each party thereunder shall terminate, except for (a) any rights and obligations of the parties that are expressly designated thereunder to survive the termination of the Exchange Agreement and (b) any other rights and obligations of the parties that come into being or effect upon the termination of the Exchange Agreement.

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In conjunction with the Acquisition, on June 7, 2019, iFresh and NYM Holding, Inc. (“NYM”) entered into a Share Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with Go Fresh 365 Inc. (“Go Fresh”), a corporation solely owned by Mr. Long Deng, iFresh’s Chief Executive Officer. The Purchase Agreement provides for the sale of 100% of the equity interest in NYM to Go Fresh for cash consideration of $9.1 million (the “Spin-off”). Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, one of the closing conditions of the Spin-off is that all the conditions to the obligations of each party to consummate the Acquisition described in the Exchange Agreement shall have been satisfied.

As a result of the termination of the Exchange Agreement, on November 5, 2019, iFresh, NYM and Go Fresh mutually agreed to terminate the Purchase Agreement, effective immediately.

The board of directors of the Company approved the termination of both the Exchange Agreement and the Purchase Agreement on November 5, 2019.

Forbearance Agreement

On May 20, 2019, iFresh, NYM (or the “Borrower”), certain subsidiaries of NYM, Mr. Long Deng and KeyBank National Association (“Keybank” or the “Lender”) entered into the first forbearance agreement (the “First Forbearance Agreement”) with respect to that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of December 23, 2016, as amended, pursuant to which KeyBank made available to NYM a revolving credit facility, a term loan facility, and other credit accommodations (the “Loan Agreements”). The Lender has agreed to delay the exercise of its rights and remedies under the Loan Agreements based on the existence of certain events of default until the earlier to occur of: (a) 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on the 90th day from the date of the First Forbearance Agreement (the “First Forbearance Period”); and (b) a Forbearance Event of Default. Reference is made to the current report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on May 21, 2019.

The Borrower did not meet its obligations under the Loan Agreements by the end of the First Forbearance Period. On October 17, 2019 (the “Effective Date”), the Company, NYM, certain subsidiaries of NYM, Go Fresh 365, Inc. (“Go Fresh”), Mr. Long Deng and Keybank entered into the second forbearance agreement (the “Second Forbearance Agreement”). Pursuant to certain Guaranty Agreement dated as of December 26, 2016, as amended by several joinder agreements and the Second Forbearance Agreement, the Company, certain subsidiaries of NYM, Go Fresh and Mr. Long Deng (collectively, the “Guarantors”, and together with the Borrower, the “Loan Parties”) have agreed to guarantee the payment and performance of the obligations of the Borrower under the Credit Agreement (“Obligations”). Terms used but not otherwise defined herein have the meanings ascribed to them in the Second Forbearance Agreement.

The Lender agreed to delay the exercise of its rights and remedies under the Loan Agreement based on the existence of certain events of default (the “Specified Events of Default”) until the earlier to occur of: (a) 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on the November 29, 2019; and (b) a Forbearance Event of Default. No subsequent agreements or amendments have been entered into.

The Borrower is not current in its payments to Keybank. As of September 30, 2020 we owe $21,266,149 to KeyBank.

Our principal liquidity needs are to meet its working capital requirements, operating expenses and capital expenditure obligations. Our ability to fund these needs will depend on its future performance, which will be subject in part to general economic, competitive and other factors beyond its control. In addition, if Keybank accelerates the loan, we may be forced to declare bankruptcy. These conditions raise substantial doubt as to our ability to remain a going concern.

Acquisitions

An agreement (the “Acquisition Agreement”) between the Company and Long Deng, the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Company, pursuant to which Mr. Deng will sell his 70% interest in Dragon Seeds LLC to the Company in exchange for the Company’s common stock. The closing of the acquisition is contingent on receiving stockholder approval for the transaction and the Company’s receipt of a valuation opinion demonstrating that the fair market value of the Interest is equal to or greater than the aggregate fair market value of the consideration to be paid by the Company. Dragon Seeds LLC makes certain customary representations and warranties to the Company in connection with the Acquisition Agreement. Subsequently on June 1, 2020, Long Deng entered into an agreement with a third party individual, Yiliang Liu and sold his 20% interest in Dragon Seeds LLC to Yiliang Yiliang Liu for $2 million. As of the date hereof, these transactions are still contingent on stockholders’ approval.

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In April 2020, we acquired 70% of Xiamen DL Medical Technology Co, Ltd., a People’s Republic of China company, in exchange for $600,000 in cash and 900,000 shares of our common stock. After the acquisition, iFresh began to produce self-branded disposable masks, N95 masks and KN95 masks. These masks are currently sold both online and in iFresh stores since we launched the production in the fourth quarter of calendar year 2020. Xiamen DL Medical Technology Co, Ltd produces face masks in China founded in March 2020. Its core business includes engineering and technical research and experimental development in and production of medical protective masks, non-medical daily protective masks, cotton spinning processing. We have built our production lines from scratch, with an estimated aggregate annual output of 5 million masks. We have one medical mask production line, which we expect, once operational, can handle a daily capacity of up to 30,000 masks, and two non-medical mask production lines, with an output capacity of up to 400,000 marks per day. We launched the production from these production lines in the fourth quarter of calendar year 2020. Around $420,000 was needed to fund the production.

In April 2020, we acquired 100% equity interests in Hubei Rongentang Wine Co., Ltd. (the “RET Wine Co.”) and Hubei Rongentang Herbal Wine Co., Ltd. (the “RET Herbal Wine Co.”) in exchange for the issuance in the aggregate of 3,852,372 shares of common stock of the Company and 1,000 shares of the Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”) to the sellers, resulting in these companies becoming our indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries. Upon approval of the Company’s shareholders, the 1,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock will be converted into 3,834,796 shares of the Company’s common stock. RET Wine Co. is engaged in the business of manufacturing and selling rice liquor products and RET Herbal Wine Co is engaged in the business of manufacturing and selling herbal rice liquor products. RET Wine Co. has an automatic filling production line with an annual production capacity of 5,000 tons of liquor products at a 1,000 square-meter facility. RET Herbal Wine Co. has an automatic filling production line with an annual production capacity of 6,000 tons of herbal liquor.

In August 2020, we acquired Jiuxiang Blue Sky Technology (Beijing) Co., Ltd. (“Jiuxiang”) in exchange for the issuance in the aggregate of 5,036,298 shares of common stock of the Company and 1,000 shares of the Company’s Series C Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series C Preferred Stock”) to the sellers, resulting in Jiuxiang becoming our indirect wholly-owned subsidiary. Upon approval of the Company’s shareholders, the 1,000 shares of Series C Preferred Stock will be converted into 1,916,781 shares of the Company’s common stock. Jiuxiang is a technology company that engages in supply chain financial services, integrated payment systems, and prepaid card marketing systems.

These acquisitions are aimed to diversify the Company’s revenue stream and reduce the operational risk in the US. The operation of these companies is expected to increase the Company’s profitability, increase the cash flow and improve the Company’s liquidity.

Sale of Securities

On April 6, 2020, we issued an aggregate of 1,783,167 shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Shares”) to two investors for a purchase price of $1.402 per share and gross proceeds of approximately $2.5 million pursuant to a purchase agreement entered into by and among us and the investors on March 25, 2020.

Impact of COVID-19

The Company was impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak as it operated in areas under stay-at-home orders from mid-March 2020 to early-June 2020. The Company is classified as an essential business and has remained open to serve our customers and the communities. The safety of our associates and our customers is always our first priority. In response to COVID-19, iFresh incurred incremental operating expenses of over $313,000 in the six months ended September 30, 2020 for new initiatives implemented to support and protect our associates, customers and the communities:

1.      Enhanced and more frequent sanitation practices, including hourly cleaning of high touch point areas throughout our stores, like cashier station, and customer bathroom, nightly deep cleaning and disinfectant fogging in every store

2.      Reduced store operating hours, including the closure of the stores located in Brooklyn, New York and in Flushing, New York, where are with high population and at high risk of infection during the end of March and April peak period.

3.      Posting and educating official recommended guidance and adhere to guidelines within safety plan.

4.      Created a centralized call center to provide our associates with single guidance and direct reporting.

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5.      Expanded remote work capabilities for office associates and provided private numerous private car pools in order to limit access to public transportation.

6.      Implemented a temporary wage or allowance premium of 15%-50% above standard base rate of pay for front line associates

7.      Donated over 200,000 masks to local police precinct, school, community and our customers.

8.      Expanded online order sales and mobile order delivery

9.      Limited bulk sales per customer on diary produce such as milk, eggs, seafood & produce.

10.    Limited the number of customers to approximately 25% of each store’s maximum occupancy, test the temperature of each customer, sterilize, and distribute masks and gloves before entering to facility.

11.    Implemented a Personal Protective Equipment program, provided associates with masks and gloves, provide frontline associates, such as cashiers, security guard, delivery team with protective clothing, goggles, and complimentary herbal heath care supplies to enhance immune system.

12.    Step Marking for Social Distancing program — installed floor markers and additional signage in high traffic areas to signify six-foot distances to encourage proper social distancing, hiring safe guard to monitor the social distance and customer safety in store.

13.    Reserved the first two hours of business each day for elderly and at-risk customers

14.    Implemented temperature checks for all associates

15.    Acquiring mask supplies business oversea, to stock up on in demand related products.

16.    Installed plexiglass shields at all registers, guest services and pharmacy counters

Due to the stay-at-home order, sales transactions were decreased by 50% from 2.6 million transactions for the six months ended September 30, 2019 to 1.3 million transactions for the six months ended September 30, 2020. However, sales per transaction increased from $14 to $25. Retail sales decreased by $.8 million due to the lockdown for the six months ended September 30, 2020.

Deficiency Letter from NASDAQ

On October 5, 2020, the Company received a letter from the Listing Qualifications Staff (the “Staff’) of the NASDAQ Stock Market LLC (“NASDAQ”), which stated that the Company was not in compliance with NASDAQ Listing Rule 5550(a)(2), which requires an issuer to maintain a minimum closing bid price of $1.00 per share (the “Minimum Bid Price Rule”). In accordance with the NASDAQ Listing Rules, the Company was provided with a 180-day grace period to regain compliance with the Minimum Bid Price Rule, through April 5, 2021. The notice has no immediate impact on the listing or trading of the Company’s securities on NASDAQ.

If we do not regain compliance with the Minimum Bid Price Rule by April 5, 2021 and are not eligible for an additional compliance period at that time, NASDAQ will provide written notification to us that our common stock may be delisted. At that time, we may appeal NASDAQ’s delisting determination to a NASDAQ Listing Qualifications Panel.

We intend to monitor the closing bid price of our common stock and may, if appropriate, consider available options to regain compliance with the Minimum Bid Price Rule. However, we may not regain compliance with the Minimum Bid Price Rule or any of the other NASDAQ continued listing requirements in the future.

We have previously received delisting notices from NASDAQ. If, in the future, we are delisted from The NASDAQ Capital Market, we and our stockholder could face significant material adverse consequences including:

•        a limited availability of market quotations for our securities;

•        a determination that our ordinary shares are a “penny stock,” which will require brokers trading in our ordinary shares to adhere to more stringent rules, possibly resulting in a reduced level of trading activity in the secondary trading market for our ordinary shares;

•        a limited amount of analyst coverage; and

•        a decreased ability to issue additional securities or obtain additional financing in the future.

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Outlook

iFresh is an Asian Chinese supermarket chain in the U.S. northeastern region with nine retail super markets and one wholesale facility. iFresh has strategically expanded along the I-95 corridor in the past few years.

a.      iFresh provides unique products to meet the demands of the Asian/Chinese American Market;

b.      iFresh has established a merchandising system backed by an in-house wholesale business and by long-standing relationships with farms;

c.      iFresh maintains an in-house cooling system with unique hibernation technology that is has developed over 20 years to preserve perishables, especially produce and seafood;

d.      iFresh capitalizes on economies of scale, allowing strong negotiating power with upstream vendors, downstream customers and sizable competitors; and

e.      iFresh has a proven and replicable track record of management, operation, acquisition and organic growth.

As mentioned above, starting from 2020, the Company started to expand its operations in China by acquiring two companies in liquor products making business and mask making business to diversify its revenue stream and reduce the supermarket operational risk in the US.

iFresh’s net sales were $45.8 million and $45.7 million for the six months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Starting from April, 2020, we had revenue generated from our operations in China. For the six months ended September 30, the liquor, mask and daily necessities businesses from operations in China constituted approximately $2 million in sales. The supermarket and trading business in the US, perishables constituted approximately 51.7% of the total sales for the six months ended September 30, 2020. iFresh’s net loss was approximately $186,000 for the six months ended September 30, 2020, an decrease of approximately $4.1 million, or 95.6%, from the $4.3 million of net loss for the six months ended September 30, 2019. Adjusted EBITDA was $2.2 million for the six months ended September 30, 2020, an increase of $4.1 million, or 218%, from negative $1.9 million for the six months ended September 30, 2019.

Factors Affecting iFresh’s Operating Results

Seasonality

iFresh’s business shows seasonal fluctuations. Sales in its first and second fiscal quarters (ending June 30 and September 30, respectively) are usually 5% to 10% lower than in third and fourth quarters (ending December 31 and March 31, respectively). In its third fiscal quarter, customers make holiday purchases for Thanksgiving and Christmas. In its fourth quarter, customers make purchases for traditional Chinese holidays, such as the Spring Festival (Chinese New Year, in January or February).

Competition

The Company faces competition from other Asian supermarkets. In the fiscal year 2019, two of our stores located in Boston and New York experienced significantly decreased sales due to competition from newly opened grocery stores. In first quarter of fiscal year 2020, the Company outsourced these two stores to third party to operate and are collecting contracting fees. The Company’s retail sales decreased significantly due to the change of operations of these two stores.

Payroll

Minimum wage rates in some states increased. For example, the minimum wage rose from $13 to $15 per hour in New York City. Payroll and related expenses decreased by $3.5 million, or 60.3% for the six months ended September 30, 2020 compared the same period of last year as a result of workforce reduction to reduce costs.

Vendor and Supply Management

iFresh believes that a centralized and efficient vendor and supply management system are the keys to profitability. iFresh operates its own wholesale facility, which supplied about 14.8 % and 15.3% of its procurement for the six months ended September 30, 2020 and for the year ended March 31, 2020, respectively. iFresh believes that its centralized

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vendor management enhances iFresh’s negotiating power and improves its ability to turnover inventory and vendor payables. Any changes to the vendor and supply management could affect iFresh’s purchasing costs and operating expenses. Starting from the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2019, the Company’s wholesale business gradually slows down and the retail stores heavily rely on third party vendors for inventory supplies instead of centralized supply system.

Store Maintenance and Renovation

From time to time, iFresh conducts maintenance on the fixtures and equipment for its stores. Any maintenance or renovations could interrupt the operation of our stores and result in a decline of customer volume, and therefore sales volume, but will, in the opinion of management, boost sales after they are completed. Significant maintenance or renovation would affect our operation and operating results. As of September 30, 2020, one iFresh store is under renovation and have not opened yet.

Store Acquisitions, Openings and closure

iFresh expects the new stores it acquires or opens to be the primary driver of its sales, operating profit and market share gains. iFresh’s results will be materially affected by the timing and number of new store additions and the amount of new store opening costs. For example, iFresh would incur rental, utilities and employee expenses during any period of renovation, which would be recorded as expenses on the income statement and would decrease iFresh’s profit when a store opens. iFresh may incur higher than normal employee costs associated with setup, hiring, training, and other costs related to opening a new store. Operating margins are also affected by promotional discounts and other marketing costs and strategies associated with new store openings, primarily due to overstocking, and costs related to hiring and training new employees. Additionally, promotional activities may result in higher than normal net sales in the first several weeks following a new store opening. A new store builds its sales volume and its customer base over time and, as a result, generally has lower margins and higher operating expenses, as a percentage of sales, than our more mature stores. A new store could take more than a year to achieve a level of operating performance comparable to our existing stores. Due to operational difficulties and loss, iFresh closed two stores in New York and opened one store in Florida for the year ended March 31, 2020.

How to Assess iFresh’s Performance

In assessing performance, iFresh’s management considers a variety of performance and financial measures, including principal growth in net sales, gross profit and Adjusted EBITDA. The key measures that we use to evaluate the performance of our business are set forth below:

Net Sales

iFresh’s net sales comprise gross sales net of coupons and discounts. We do not record sales taxes as a component of retail revenues as it considers it a pass-through conduit for collecting and remitting sales taxes.

Gross Profit

iFresh calculates gross profit as net sales less cost of sales and occupancy costs. Gross margin represents gross profit as a percentage of its net sales. Occupancy costs include store rental costs and property taxes. The components of our cost of sales and occupancy costs may not be identical to those of its competitors. As a result, our gross profit and gross margin may not be comparable to similar data made available by our competitors.

Cost of sales includes the cost of inventory sold during the period, including the direct costs of purchased merchandise (net of discounts and allowances), distribution and supply chain costs, buying costs and supplies. iFresh recognizes vendor allowances and merchandise volume related rebate allowances as a reduction of inventories during the period when earned and reflects the allowances as a component of cost of sales as the inventory is sold. Shipping and handling for inventories purchased are included in cost of goods sold.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses primarily consist of retail operational expenses, administrative salaries and benefits costs, marketing, advertising and corporate overhead.

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Adjusted EBITDA

iFresh believes that Adjusted EBITDA is a useful performance measure and can be used to facilitate a comparison of NYM’s operating performance on a consistent basis from period-to-period and to provide for a more complete understanding of factors and trends affecting our business than GAAP measures alone can provide. iFresh also uses Adjusted EBITDA as one of the primary methods for planning and forecasting overall expected performance and for evaluating on a quarterly and annual basis actual results against such expectations, and as a performance evaluation metric in determining achievement of certain compensation programs and plans for employees, including senior executives. Other companies in the industry may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently than iFresh does, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure.

iFresh’s management defines Adjusted EBITDA as earnings before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization expense, store opening costs, and non-recurring expenses. All of the omitted items are either (i) non-cash items or (ii) items that we do not consider in assessing its ongoing operating performance. Because it omits non-cash items, iFresh’s management believes that Adjusted EBITDA is less susceptible to variances in actual performance resulting from depreciation, amortization and other non-cash charges and more reflective of other factors that affect its operating performance. iFresh’s management believes that the use of these non-GAAP financial measures provides an additional tool for investors to use in evaluating ongoing operating results and trends and in comparing the company’s financial measures with other specialty retailers, many of which present similar non-GAAP financial measures to investors.

Results of Operations for the six months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

 

For the Six Months Ended September 30,

 

Changes

   

2020

 

2019

 

$

 

%

   

(Unaudited)

 

(Unaudited)

       

Net sales

 

$

45,212,175

 

 

$

44,458,495

 

 

753,680

 

 

1.7

%

Net sales-related parties

 

 

543,237

 

 

 

1,230,789

 

 

(687,552

)

 

-55.9

%

Total net sales

 

 

45,755,412

 

 

 

45,689,284

 

 

66,128

 

 

0.1

%

Cost of sales-Third parties

 

 

31,596,232

 

 

 

31,656,870

 

 

(60,638

)

 

-0.2

%

Cost of sales-related parties

 

 

419,791

 

 

 

980,688

 

 

(560,897

)

 

-57.2

%

Retail occupancy costs

 

 

2,900,228

 

 

 

3,506,909

 

 

(606,681

)

 

-17.3

%

Gross profit

 

 

10,839,161

 

 

 

9,544,817

 

 

1,294,344

 

 

13.6

%

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

   

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

12,608,256

 

 

 

14,427,673

 

 

(1,819,417

)

 

-12.6

%

Loss from operations

 

 

(1,769,095

)

 

 

(4,882,856

)

 

3,113,761

 

 

-63.8

%

Interest (expense), net

 

 

(822,661

)

 

 

(959,220

)

 

136,559

 

 

-14.2

%

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

   

 

Other income

 

 

2,406,530

 

 

 

1,650,720

 

 

755,810

 

 

45.8

%

Net income (loss) before income taxes

 

 

(185,226

)

 

 

(4,191,356

)

 

4,006,130

 

 

-95.6

%

Income tax provision

 

 

(589,750

)

 

 

63,493

 

 

(653,243

)

 

-1028.8

%

Net income (loss)

 

 

404,524

 

 

 

(4,254,849

)

 

4,659,373

 

 

-109.5

%

Less: net income attributable to non-controlling interest

 

 

2,138

 

 

 

 

 

2,138

 

 

100.0

%

Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders

 

 

402,386

 

 

 

(4,254,849

)

 

4,657,235

 

 

-109.5

%

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

   

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

   

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

263,960

 

 

 

 

 

263,960

 

 

100.0

%

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

668,484

 

 

 

(4,254,849

)

 

(4,923,333

)

 

-115.7

%

Less: comprehensive income attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 

10,299

 

 

 

 

 

10,299

 

 

100.0

%

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to iFresh

 

$

658,185

 

 

$

(4,254,849

)

 

(4,913,034

)

 

-115.5

%

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Net Sales

The following table summarizes disaggregated revenue from contracts with customers by segments:

 

For Six Months Ended
September 30,

 

Changes

   

2020

 

2019

 

$

 

%

   

(Unaudited)

 

(Unaudited)

       

US Wholesale

 

$

8,595,216

 

$

8,423,151

 

$

172,065

 

 

2.0

%

US Retail

 

 

35,195,149

 

 

37,266,133

 

 

(2,070,984

)

 

-5.6

%

Liquor Products

 

 

269,781

 

 

 

 

269,781

 

 

100.0

%

Mask Products

 

 

596,927

 

 

 

 

596,927

 

 

100.0

%

Daily Necessities

 

 

1,098,339

 

 

 

 

1,098,339

 

 

100.0

%

Total Net Sales

 

$

45,755,412

 

$

45,689,284

 

$

66,128

 

 

0.1

%

US Retail and wholesale business

The following table summarized the sales from US supermarkets and trading business for the six months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:

 

For Six Months Ended
September 30,

 

Changes

   

2020

 

2019

 

$

 

%

   

(Unaudited)

 

(Unaudited)

       

Net sales retail-third parties

 

$

35,195,149

 

$

37,266,133

 

$

(2,070,984

)

 

-5.6

%

Net sales wholesale-third parties

 

 

8,051,979

 

 

7,192,362

 

 

859,617

 

 

12.0

%

Net sales wholesale-related parties

 

 

543,237

 

 

1,230,789

 

 

(687,552

)

 

-55.9

%

Total Net Sales

 

$

43,790,365

 

$

45,689,284

 

$

(1,898,919

)

 

-4.2

%

For the US supermarket and trading business, net sales were $43.8 million for the six months ended September 30, 2020, a decrease of $1.9 million, or 4.2%, from $ 45.7 million for the six months ended September 30, 2019.

Net retail sales to third parties decreased by $2.1 million, or 5.6%, from $37. 3 million for the six months ended September 30, 2019 to $ 35.2 million for the six months ended September 30, 2020. The decrease resulted mainly from the closure of two stores in New York City due to lower performance. These two stores contributed $1.2 million for the six months ended September 30, 2019 and due to the impact of Covid-19, our sales decreased by $1.8 million in the wholesale and retail business sector. However, we opened a new store in North Miami in January 2020, which contributed sales of $1.1 million for the six months ended September 30, 2020, compared to $nil for the six months ended September 30, 2019.

Our total net wholesale sales increased by $0.2 million from $8.4 million for the six months ended September 30, 2019 to $8.6 million for the six months ended September 30, 2020. Sales were considered to be consistent for these two periods.

Liquor and mask products

In April 2020, we acquired RET Wine Co. and DL Medical in China. For the six months ended September 30, 2020, RET Wine Co. and DL Medical contributed sales of approximately $270,000 and $597,000, respectively. DL Medical is a newly incorporated Company established in March 2020.

Daily necessisites

In August 2020, we acquired Jiuxiang Co. in China. For the six months ended September 30, 2020, Jiuxiang contributed sales of approximately $1,098,000

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Table of Contents

Cost of sales, Occupancy costs and Gross Profit

The following table summarizes disaggregated cost from contracts with customers by segments:

 

For Six Months Ended
September 30,

 

Changes

   

2020

 

2019

 

$

 

%

   

(Unaudited)

 

(Unaudited)

       

US wholesale

 

$

5,578,163

 

$

6,045,159

 

$

(466,996

)

 

-7.7

%

US retail

 

 

27,875,207

 

 

26,592,399

 

 

1,282,808

 

 

4.8

%

Liquor products

 

 

128,422

 

 

 

 

128,422

 

 

100

%

Mask products

 

 

483,401

 

 

 

 

483,401

 

 

100

%

Daily necessities

 

 

851,058

 

 

 

 

851,058

 

 

100

%

Total Cost of Sales (Including Occupancy Cost)

 

$

34,916,251

 

$

32,637,558

 

$

2,278,693

)

 

7.0

%

US retail and wholesale business

 

For Six Months Ended
September 30,

 

Changes

   

2020

 

2019

 

$

 

%

Retail Segment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

Cost of Sales

 

$

24,974,979

 

 

$

26,592,399

 

 

$

(1,617,420

)

 

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